Presentation on theme: "Emotion: More Than a Feeling"— Presentation transcript:
1 Emotion: More Than a Feeling A feeling state involving a pattern of facial and bodily changes, cognitive appraisals, and beliefs.Physiological Changes (in body and facial muscles)Cultural Influences (shape experience and expression of emotion)EmotionCognitive Processes (interpreting the emotional situation)
2 Theories of Emotion Common Sense An emotion-provoking stimulus produces the feeling of an emotion, and then this feeling produces physiological changes and behavior.Fear
3 Theories of Emotion James-Lange Theory An emotion-provoking stimulus directly produces physiological changes and behavior, and then these events produce the feeling of an emotion.Fear
4 Theories of Emotion Cannon-Bard Theory An emotion-provoking stimulus activates a brain center called the “thalamus”, which simultaneously sends messages to the cortex, producing the feeling of an emotion, to the viscera, producing arousal, and to the skeletal muscles, producing behavior.Fear
5 Theories of Emotion Schacter-Singer 2-Factor Theory We have the feeling of an emotion when two factors are present: we are physiologically aroused, and we interpret that arousal in terms of a specific emotion based on the situation we are in.“Scary dog”Fear
6 Theories of Emotion Facial Feedback Hypothesis Facial muscles send messages to the brain that both identify the emotion we are feeling and intensify it.Lazarus’ Cognitive TheoryBased on a “cognitive appraisal”, we decide if the situation is positive, negative, or neutral.A positive or negative appraisal triggers both physiological arousal and the feeling of an emotion.