1 Pertemuan 22 (Off-Class) Leadership in Teams and Decision Groups Matakuliah: MPG09344-010 / Leadership and Organisation Tahun: 2005 Versi: versi/revisi.
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1 Pertemuan 22 (Off-Class) Leadership in Teams and Decision Groups Matakuliah: MPG09344-010 / Leadership and Organisation Tahun: 2005 Versi: versi/revisi 0
2 Learning Outcomes After studying these chapters students should be able to: Understand the process that determine how well a group performs an operational task. Understand the different types of teams that are commonly used in organizations and their implications for leadership. Understand how leadership is shared in self-managed teams and the conditions that make these teams more effective. Understand the advantages of cross-functional teams and the difficulties confronting leaders of these teams. Understand procedures to facilitate team learning and procedures to build trust and cooperation among team members. Understand why some groups make better decisions than others. Understand the primary leadership functions in decision groups Understand procedures for leading successful meetings.
3 Outline Materi Nature of Teams Functional Teams Cross-Functional Teams Self-Managed Work Teams Self-Defining Teams Virtual Teams Procedures for facilitating Team Learning Guidelines for Team Building Decision Making in Groups Leadership Functions in Meetings Guidelines for Leading Meetings Summary Cases
5 Procedures for facilitating team learning –After-activity reviews –Dialogue sessions Guidelines for team building –Emphasize common interests and values –Use ceremonies and rituals –Use symbols to develop identification with the group –Encourage and facilitate social interaction
6 –Tell people about group activities and achievements –Conduct process analysis sessions –Conduct alignment sessions –Increase incentives for mutual cooperation
7 Decision making in groups Determinants of group processes –Group size –Status differentials –Cohesiveness –Diversity of membership –Emotional maturity –Physical environment –Communication technology
8 Leadership functions in meetings Task Oriented Behavior Group Maintenance behavior Task and group maintenance functions Who should perform the leadership functions –Leader-centered decision groups –Group-centered decision groups
9 Guidelines for leading meetings Inform people about necessary preparations for a meeting Share essential information with group members Describe the problem without implying the cause or solution Allow ample time for idea generation and evaluation
10 Separate idea generation from idea evaluation Encourage and facilitate participation Encourage positive restatement and idea building Use systematic procedures for solution evaluation
11 Encourage members to look for an integrative solution Encourage consensus but do not insist on it Clarify responsibilities for implementation
12 Closing Summary –Types of teams –The potential advantages of teams –The success of teams –Team Building –Group Decision –The Leadership Role
13 Review and Discussion Questions Cases –Southwest Engineering Services –Building Maintenance Inc. Companion Website : Exercises and Reading Supplementary Materials: –Gronn, P. 1999. Life in Teams; Collaborative Leadership and Learning in Autonomous Work Units. Australian Council for Educational Administration: Australia. –Street, M., D. 1997. Groupthink; An Examination of Theoritical Issues, Implications, and Future Research Suggestions. Small Group Research. Vol. 28(1): 72-93 Companion Website: Exercises and Reading