Agenda: Wednesday, September 14 th, 2011 OBJ: To outline the major factors of the World’s most practiced monotheistic religions. 1. Journal 2. Notes- Monotheistic Religions 3. Review of Religion Chart 4. Poster Races! 5. Unit 1 Study Guide HW: Work on Study Guide (Due on test day!)
Journal: Wednesday, September 14 th, 2011 What is a religion? Do you think culture effects the development or belief in a religion?
Monotheistic Religions Islam “Submission to the will of Allah” Muslim- someone who practices Islam Founder- Muhammad Very wealthy merchant, did not like the troubles in society… Went to seek answers!
Islam Practices Holy text- Koran/ Qu’ran (Written in Arabic) Founded/ Place of Origin- Arabian Peninsula (Mecca) Basic Belief- Live a good life Five Pillars of Islam Declaration of Faith Prayer- 5 times a day facing Mecca Alms- giving to charity Fasting Pilgrimage- travel to Mecca Caliph (Ruler) governs the religion Shari’ah- code of laws (used in religious and government ways)
*Temple of King Solomon- thought to hold the key to the monotheistic faiths
Judaism Monotheistic- Adonai (God) Founder- Abraham Covenant with God only worship him, no others Hebrews- people who practice Judaism Holy Text- Torah and Ten Commandments Main Idea- Live a good and moral life Different views of Judaism Orthodox Conservative Reform Rabbi’s - Jewish priests
Christianity Holy text- Bible (Gospel and New Testament) Basic Belief- Have a personal relationship with god Believe in God, Jesus, and the Trinity *Place of Origin/ Holy City- Jerusalem
Divisions in Christianity Christians- those who practice Christianity All churches led by priests Catholic/ Orthodox- Believe in saints and the role of the Pope Protestant- do not believe in the Pope as a government official Methodist, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Baptist, etc. More personal form of worship