Fabby Tumiwa Exec. Director Institute for Essential Services Reform PSI APRECON, Sydney, 17-21 October 2011.
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Fabby Tumiwa Exec. Director Institute for Essential Services Reform PSI APRECON, Sydney, 17-21 October 2011
Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a multilateral development bank operating in Asia & Pacific region. HQ in Manila, Philippines, Country Representative Offices in most of Capital of ADB’s Developing Member Countries; total 2900 staff. ADB provides financial assistance to its DMCs through loans, technical assistance (TA), guarantees and equity investment 2 main operation offices: public sector investment and private sector investment CountryVoting Power (%) Japan14.47 China6.15 India6.05 Australia5.55 Indonesia5.27 Canada5.05 USA5.02 South Korea4.87 Germany4.23 France2.41 Share-holder and Voting Power in ADB
ADB transformation in policy and operation Long Term Strategic Framework – Strategy 2020. Private sector development Strengthening its “poverty alleviation” rhetoric New financing modalities “retroactive financing, MFF, leveraging private finance, etc. Function as financial institution and knowledge bank. Developing Trade Finance Program. Operational fund (2010): $ 17.5 bn – including $ 3.5 bn from co-financing partner. Key Sector: Agricultural, Natural Resources, Energy, Road and ICT, Water and Sanitation, Municipal Infrastructure Services, Health and Social Protection, Finance, Industry and Trade.
Non-Engagement Abolishment of ADB Non-Cooperation Critical-engagement Constructive cooperation Reforming ADB NGO FORUM ON ADB
Access to information about the ADB’s operations; Public participation in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of ADB projects The social and environmental impacts of ADB programs and projects, and the Bank’s accountability for those impacts The ADB’s private sector lending The ADB’s role in regional and sub-regional economic cooperation/regional integration
Civil Society concern on ADB has emerged since late 1980s NGO Forum on ADB is an Asian-led NGOs/CSOs coalition to monitor ADB’s policies and projects development and implementation, and its operation in the region. Started as NGO WG on ADB in 1988, re-organized as Forum in 1997, registered with new structure in 2001 in the Phippines, with secretariat in Manila. More than 100 organizational members from countries in Asia and Europe, and USA.
Reaching out affected-community Connect and channeling problem projects at the community level to the policy/decision making in the government and ADB’s management and shareholders. Focusing on: project’s direct and indirect impact (environment, public health, corruption, etc), participation of affected community in project cycles.
Using ADB’s policies and mechanism in-place: Accountability Mechanism Provides an independent forum for people adversely affected by ADB assisted projects to voice complaints and seek resolution of problems Public Communication Policy (PCP) Ensuring transparency and access of information Information disclosure to affected community early Disclosure compliance: handling information request from outside, making information available timely, etc. Safeguards Policy Statements on Environment, Indigenous People, and Involuntary Resettlement Safeguarding environmental and social impact on ADB’s funded projects. Independent Evaluation for Development Effectiveness Carried out by semi-autonomous evaluation body.
Knowing your “enemy”. Getting relevant and accurate information is a key. Engage as early as possible. Strong campaign profile is necessary to raise ADB’s attention. Develop rational arguments based on hard-proof data. Consistency and endurance for long- term campaign. Looking for and building trust with internal allies. Do not forget your own government.
Asia Development Bank: www.adb.orgwww.adb.org NGO Forum on ADB: www.forum-adb.orgwww.forum-adb.org Bank Information Center (BIC): http://www.bicusa.org/en/Institution.2.aspx http://www.bicusa.org/en/Institution.2.aspx PSIRU: www.psiru.orgwww.psiru.org International Rivers Network: http://www.internationalrivers.org/en/follow-money/asian- development-bank/ http://www.internationalrivers.org/en/follow-money/asian- development-bank/
EITI involves the reconciliation of company payments with government receipts by an independent administrator and disclosure of that information to the public. The objective of the EITI is to ensure that accurate figures about revenues are publicly available, to identify any potential discrepancies between payments & receipts and to investigate and address the underlying causes. In 2009 ADB Energy Policy, the Bank stated that they endorsed EITI but little has been doing to do so. Source: EITI factsheet