Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Program Planning: Community Nutrition Assessment

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Program Planning: Community Nutrition Assessment"— Presentation transcript:

1 Program Planning: Community Nutrition Assessment

2 Program Planning Basics
Systematic process Continual feedback and evaluation Cyclical: based on increasing understandings of the true nature of the situation and the effectiveness of interventions. Starts with an assessment of the current situation

3 Why Do Assessment?

4 Community Nutrition Assessment:
Anchors interventions in the reality of the community Essential part of ongoing process: Needs assessment Designing and implementing interventions Evaluation Feedback for improvement Includes community and stakeholders as fully active participants

5 Community Nutrition Assessment:
Based on assets more than deficits Helps to integrate nutrition programs into community-based institutions and initiatives

6 Successful Community Assessment Includes:
Understanding current conditions of families, individuals, institutions & policies Evaluating local capacities for supporting change Building community support for implementing changes

7 Models and Protocols for Community Assessment
Planned Approaches to Community Health (PATCH) – CDC Assessment Protocol for Excellence in Public Health (APEXPH) – NACHO (National Association of County Health Officials) Moving to the Future: Developing Community Based Nutrition Services – ASTPHND (Association of State and Territorial Public Health Nutrition Directors)

8 Strategic Planning for Initiatives to Address Local Health Efforts
Organize a community planning group Define community boundaries Gather information Statistical profile Qualitative data Community Resources & Environments Policies Agency for Health Care Policy and Research

9 Strategic Planning, cont.
Analyze Information Common issues High risk individuals Unmet needs Prioritize Develop and implement plan Monitor and evaluate plan

10 Community Nutrition Planning Group: Responsibilities
Collect data and information Identify needs and gaps Set priorities Develop a plan Help to implement interventions Assist in evaluation Of assessment, planning, and intervention process Of impact of intervention

11 Community Nutrition Planning Group: Potential Members
Community leaders & advocates Consumers Health and nutrition service providers Health organizations Schools Political office holders or their staff Fitness, Parks & Rec professionals Representatives from greater community health planning groups Food systems representatives

12 Community Description
Geographic boundaries General history Key people and leaders Demographics Financial & economic information Important issues Morale and involvement levels Key allies and rivals Unspoken rules and norms Attitudes and opinions Strengths and shortcomings

13 Identify Community Assets
Physical structure, place, business Concerned citizens History of successful efforts Organizations Individual and group skills Communications systems Relationships

14 Identify Perceived Needs
WHY? To understand public opinion To become aware of needs the planning group doesn’t know about To gather support & expand group expertise To make decisions about priorities To plan programs in ways that will be acceptable to stakeholders

15 How do we assess perceived needs?
Listening sessions Public forums Key informant interviews Needs assessment survey or survey of concerns

16 Demographic Profile Economic status: income, employment, % below poverty Education levels Age and gender Race & ethnicity Social factors: homelessness, immigration status, family composition, TANF utilization

17 Community Health Status
Causes of Mortality Hospital discharge data Disease prevalence data Food bourne illness reports Years of potential life lost Infant mortality

18 Community Nutritional Status
Pregnancy related: weight gain in pregnancy Pre-pregnancy weight Anemia Disease prevalence: HIV/AIDS, cardiovascular disease, diabetes Activity levels (BRFSS) Food intake: fat, fruits & vegetables (BRFSS) Dental health Food/dieting related behaviors (YRBS) Food Security (BRFSS)

19 Community Nutrition Resources
Food assistance programs (WIC, SNAP, summer feeding programs for school children, etc.) Educational programs Media Professional and non-profit organizations Nutrition counseling

20 Community Food Resources
Grocery stores with high quality produce Food service with health promoting food options Farmers’ Markets Vegetable gardens Community Supported Agriculture Supports for growing local foods

21 Community Resources & Service Utilization
What resources are available? To what extent are people using them? Sources of Information: Citizens Service providers Tools Existing data Interviews Surveys

22 Criteria for defining/prioritizing community problems
Frequency Duration Scope or range Severity Perceptions Root causes (“but why?”) & ability to impact root causes (effectiveness of interventions) Barriers to resolutions Political and financial support

23 Group Work: Develop Problem List
Brainstorm nutrition related issues & problems that arise from these data Choose 5 issues that are of interest to all stakeholders Prioritize these issues using criteria in these slides Establish the one issue or problem that all stakeholders will be comfortable working on for the next two weeks

Download ppt "Program Planning: Community Nutrition Assessment"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google