Chapter 5 1 Chapter 5. The Transportation- Planning Process 1.Explain how travel demand modeling fits into the transportation-planning process 2.Explain.
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Chapter 5 1 Chapter 5. The Transportation- Planning Process 1.Explain how travel demand modeling fits into the transportation-planning process 2.Explain how the transportation-planning process is used to help make public investment decisions 3.List stakeholders who should be involved in the planning process Chapter objectives covered in CE361: By the end of this chapter the student will be able to: The majority of Chapter 4 and Chapter 5 will be covered in CEEn 565 Urban Transportation Planning taught by Dr. Schultz. (It will be offered in fall semester every year.) If you are planning to take CEEn 565, keep this textbook.
2Chapter 5 Primary purpose of the planning effort - To generate information useful to decision makers for the specific types of decisions they are facing. Given that so many agencies and groups are involved with metropolitan-level transportation decision making, a regional perspective is needed on how these activities fit together. Utah, Wasatch, Summit Counties MAG’s 2040 Transportation Plan Demand Forecasting
3Chapter 5 It has become “institutionalized,” meaning federal guidelines, regulations, and requirements for local planning are often driving forces behind existing planning methods. Transportation planning in metropolitan areas is a collaborative process, led by the metropolitan planning organizations (MPO) and other key stakeholders in the regional transportation system. MPOs in our area include the Mountain Land of Governments and the Wasatch Front Regional Council.Mountain Land of Governments Wasatch Front Regional Council Or, non-profit organizations like Envision Utah encourage participation of businesses and residents. MPOs were set up by the ISTEA of 1991 (the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991).Envision Utah 5.1 The transportation-planning process
4Chapter 5 It is intended to furnish unbiased information about the effects that the proposed transportation project will have on the community and on its expected users. It is intended to give the appropriate information to those who will be responsible for deciding whether the transportation project should go forward.
5Chapter 5 The Transportation Equity Act for the 21 st Century (TEA-21) requires consideration of seven broad areas: 1.Support the economic vitality of the metropolitan area 2.Increase the safety and security of the transportation system for motorized and non-motorized users 3.Increase the accessibility and mobility options available to people and for freight 4.Protect and enhance the environment, promote energy conservation, and improve quality of life 5.Enhance the integration and connectivity of the transportation system, across and between modes, for people and freight 6.Promote efficient system management and operation 7.Emphasize the preservation of the existing transportation system
6Chapter 5 MPO’s 5 core functions in the planning process Establish a setting (for fair and impartial decision making environment) Evaluate transportation alternatives Maintain a Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP): funding over the next 20 years. Develop a Transportation Improvement Program (TIP): To be funded over the next 1- to 3-year period. Involve the public in the above four core functions. Visit the MAG website.
7Chapter 5 A typical structure for the transportation planning process “Transportation planning in metropolitan areas is a collaborative process, led by the metropolitan planning organizations (MPO) and other key stakeholders in the regional transportation system.”
8Chapter 5 5.1.5 Involving the public and others (Stakeholders) Transportation facilities affect a large number of people. And, obviously, the transportation-planning process is ultimately a public process. Many public hearings and meetings are held before certain alternatives are selected. An effective early planning strategy is to identify (and notify) all possible “stakeholders.” A stakeholder is a person, a group of persons, a company, or an organization that has a stake in the decisions being made. “Even where community consensus cannot be reached, a sufficient level of consent to a particular solution means that a satisfactory outcome has been obtained.” See Table 5.1. for sample stakeholders.
Table 5.1 Stakeholders for Example 5.1 9Chapter 5
11Chapter 5 Scenario – SR361 Congestion Mitigation Alternatives Developers A by-pass alternative Downtown merchants Widen SR361 from a two- lane to four-lane highway Environmental groups A BRT & improved bus routes Taxpayer watchdog groups Do-nothing
12Chapter 5 “Think about it” in P.253: Alternatives are a Benefit or a Cost to these stakeholders? AlternativeDrivers: thru traffic Drivers: local traffic Residents along current road DevelopersDowntown merchants Environme ntal groups TaxpayersGovernme nt agencies A.By-pass B. Widening C. BRT D. Do nothing