# Examining Logical Connections

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Examining Logical Connections
Comm Arts I Mr. Wreford

Examining Logical Connections
Comparison-Contrast, Cause-Effect, and Argument: Use logic to explore connections between ideas. If logic is thin or connections weak, your reader will notice and the bridge between you is weakened. Chapter Methods: Rational thought, careful planning, differences and similarities, discovering reasons, predicting results, arguing an issue logically—are essential. Higher order tools of thought can help you in the classroom and beyond.

Examining Logical Connections
Comparison-Contrast: Compare or contrast something unfamiliar with something familiar to your readers. Comparison: show how two things are similar. Contrast: show how two things are different.

Examining Logical Connections
Setting Up a Comparison-Contrast Paragraph: Choose points of comparison or contrast and decide whether to compare or contrast. One way to decide is through prewriting. See the brainstorming example on page 143.

Examining Logical Connections
Setting Up a Comparison-Contrast Paragraph: Point-by-point pattern: each point of comparison or contrast is considered separately. Block pattern: information about one subject is presented in one big block, followed by information about the other subject in a second big block. Exercise 1 on page 145.

Examining Logical Connections
Cause and Effect: Causes: the reasons it happened. Effects: the results. When you explore both cause and effect, you look at both the reason and the result.

Examining Logical Connections
Identifying Causes and Effects: A cause is a reason. An effect is a result. Exercise 2 on page 152.

Examining Logical Connections
Argument: Sometimes used to mean a heated discussion. This argument is of a cooler sort. No one will interrupt you or try to outshout you. More than just your opinion; it is your convincing, well-supported opinion. What matters is not which side you take, but how strongly you support your views. Use logic, a strong regard for truth, and solid examples.

Examining Logical Connections
Taking Sides: There are two sides to every argument. Your paragraph should favor just one side. It is important to make your position clear. Start with a strong topic sentence. Review examples on page 157. Exercise 3 on page 157.