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Examining Logical Connections

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Presentation on theme: "Examining Logical Connections"— Presentation transcript:

1 Examining Logical Connections
Comm Arts I Mr. Wreford

2 Examining Logical Connections
Comparison-Contrast, Cause-Effect, and Argument: Use logic to explore connections between ideas. If logic is thin or connections weak, your reader will notice and the bridge between you is weakened. Chapter Methods: Rational thought, careful planning, differences and similarities, discovering reasons, predicting results, arguing an issue logically—are essential. Higher order tools of thought can help you in the classroom and beyond.

3 Examining Logical Connections
Comparison-Contrast: Compare or contrast something unfamiliar with something familiar to your readers. Comparison: show how two things are similar. Contrast: show how two things are different.

4 Examining Logical Connections
Setting Up a Comparison-Contrast Paragraph: Choose points of comparison or contrast and decide whether to compare or contrast. One way to decide is through prewriting. See the brainstorming example on page 143.

5 Examining Logical Connections
Setting Up a Comparison-Contrast Paragraph: Point-by-point pattern: each point of comparison or contrast is considered separately. Block pattern: information about one subject is presented in one big block, followed by information about the other subject in a second big block. Exercise 1 on page 145.

6 Examining Logical Connections
Cause and Effect: Causes: the reasons it happened. Effects: the results. When you explore both cause and effect, you look at both the reason and the result.

7 Examining Logical Connections
Identifying Causes and Effects: A cause is a reason. An effect is a result. Exercise 2 on page 152.

8 Examining Logical Connections
Argument: Sometimes used to mean a heated discussion. This argument is of a cooler sort. No one will interrupt you or try to outshout you. More than just your opinion; it is your convincing, well-supported opinion. What matters is not which side you take, but how strongly you support your views. Use logic, a strong regard for truth, and solid examples.

9 Examining Logical Connections
Taking Sides: There are two sides to every argument. Your paragraph should favor just one side. It is important to make your position clear. Start with a strong topic sentence. Review examples on page 157. Exercise 3 on page 157.

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