“Many Peoples, Many Faiths” by Ameena Zia Reflect On Do you have to be religious to pray? How many of you pray before turning in a paper, for an exam,
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Reflect On Do you have to be religious to pray? How many of you pray before turning in a paper, for an exam, or quiz? Is there only one way to pray?
“Prayer is an effort to communicate with God, or to another deity or spirit, either to offer praise, to make a request, or simply to express one's thoughts and emotions” - Wikipedia Encyclopedia
Judaism * Believe in One God, Yahweh. * Oldest Abrahamic Religion. Q. What is an Abrahamic Religions? * Jews read from the Torah, Old Testament, and Talmud. * The Torah is written in Hebrew. * They rest on Shabbat, Sabbath, begins before sundown on Friday till sunset on Saturday. * do no work: ie. Writing, Driving * Three daily prayers, prayers to say --small * Congregated prayers consist of 10 men.
Christianity Believe in the Trinity: –Father, Holy Spirit, The Son * “Centered on the life teachings, sayings and actions of Jesus, the Christ.” (wikipedia) * The Bible = Old Testament + New Testament * Congregational Prayers in Services, Sing Hymns (Praises). * “Prayer is communion with God.” * Sunday Day of Rest * Worlds Largest Religion
Islam Believe in One God, Allah Source of Guidance: –The Holy Qur’an –revealed in Arabic –The Hadith, Sayings of Prophet Muhammad Belief in Prophets Adam to Prophet Muhammad Congregational Prayers, Need two men, own Family Pray 5 times a day (set times) Jumu’ah: Friday (not day of rest but services offered in congregation – 2 nd Prayer of the Day
Hinduism No specific founder Oldest major Religion still practiced Today Polytheistic: belief in many Gods Divine: Brahman = Atman Great God: Vishnu (many reincarnations of Him) Source: The Vedas Believe in Wheel of Samsara (reincarnation) One has a Dharma: Sacred Duty Born into a Caste – due your duty correctly be reborn higher.
Buddhism Emerged in 6 th B.C.E –Reform of Hinduism The Buddha: Enlightened or Awakened One –Siddhartha Guatama –Religion and Philosophy of Life based on the Buddha The Four Noble Truths concern Nature of Life The Eight Fold Path – live by these instructions Believe in Samsara too Achieve Nirvana: True Liberation, the Goal Meditation – form of prayer
Atheism “The theory or belief that God does not exist.” (The Atheist and his Atheism) Consequence of what one knows –How one reasons Not really a religion, lacks the requirements Do they Pray? Q. What is their take on Prayer in School?
Food 4 Thought Is one allowed to pray in school? Which religion, if any, is effected by this? Compare and Contrast two religions? Which religions are Eastern? Western? What is something new you learned today?
References: Google for Images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judaism#Prayers Religions of the World http://www.christian-faith.com/bible- studies/prayerteaching.html#defn http://mwillett.org/athiest.htm Ellwood, Robert & McGraw, Barbara. “Many Peoples, Many Faiths: Women and Men in the World Religions,Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2002. 6 th ed. Exploring Religious Meaning. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2003.