2 SALARY - The money paid for employee services. PAY PERIOD - The period covered by a salary payment (every week, twice a month, once a month).PAYROLL - The total amount earned by all employees for a pay period.
3 Information in an Employee Earnings Record Employee NoEmployee NameEmployee Marital StatusEmployee Withholding AllowanceRate of Pay per hourSocial Security NumberPositionPay Period - No., EndedEarnings - Regular, Overtime, TotalDeductions - Federal Income Tax, FICA Tax, Health Insurance, Other, TotalNet PayAccumulated EarningsQuarterly Totals of all columns
5 Payroll TaxesA business is required by law to withhold certain payroll taxes from employee salaries, all based on the employees total earnings from their time card. Therefore, we can say that the payroll taxes represent a liability for the employer until the taxes are paid.Payroll Taxes are taxes based on the payroll of a business.Employee Income TaxA business must withhold Federal Income Taxes from employee’s total earnings and forward it to the federal government.Information used to determine the amount of income tax withheld is identified on the W-4 Form (Employee’s Withholding Allowance Certificate). Employers are required to have a current W-4 form on file for each employee.
7 Statutory Payroll Tax Deductions Payroll taxes must be withheld from an employee's paycheck. This is required by law. Employers must hand these withholdings over to various tax agencies. Payroll tax deductions include the following:Federal income tax withholdingSocial Security tax withholding (6.2% up to the annual maximum)Medicare tax withholding (1.45%)State income tax withholdingVarious local tax withholdings (such as city, county, or school district taxes, state disability or unemployment insurance).
8 Voluntary Payroll Deductions Voluntary payroll deductions are withheld from an employee's paycheck only if the employee has agreed to the deduction. Voluntary deductions pay for various benefits which the employee has chosen to participate in. Voluntary payroll deductions include the following:Health insurance premiums (medical, dental, and eyecare)Life insurance premiumsRetirement plan contributions (such as a 401k plan)Employee stock purchase plans (ESPP and ESOP plans)Meals, uniforms, union dues and other job-related expensesVoluntary deductions can be paid with pre-tax dollars or after-tax dollars, depending on the type of benefit being paid for. Professional grade payroll software will help you keep track of all the tax-related payroll calculations.
9 Employer Payroll Tax Responsibilities The responsibility for payroll taxes continues even after paychecks have been issued to employees. The company is responsible for paying the employer's share of payroll taxes, for depositing tax dollars withheld from the employees' paychecks, preparing various reconciliation reports, accounting for the payroll expense through their financial reporting, and filing payroll tax returns.
10 Employer Payroll Taxes Companies are responsible for paying their portion of payroll taxes. These payroll taxes are an added expense over and above the expense of an employee's gross pay. The employer-portion of payroll taxes include the following:Social Security taxes (6.2% up to the annual maximum)Medicare taxes (1.45% of wages)Federal unemployment taxes (FUTA)State unemployment taxes (SUTA)
11 FICA TaxesFICA stands for the Federal Insurance Contributions Act. The FICA tax consists of both Social Security and Medicare taxes. Social Security and Medicare taxes are paid both by the employees and the employer. Both parties pay half of these taxes. Employees pay half, and employers pay the other half. Together both halves of the FICA taxes add up to 15.3%. The 15.3% FICA tax is broken down as follows:Social Security (Employee pays 6.2%)Social Security (Employer pays 6.2%)Medicare (Employee pays 1.45%)Medicare (Employer pays 1.45%)For 2011 only, the employee portion of Social Security is reduced to 4.2% instead of 6.2%. This payroll tax holiday was legislated as part of the Tax Relief Act of Starting 2012, the employee-portion of Social Security will revert back to the full 6.2%.
12 Reporting Payroll Taxes Employers are required to report their payroll tax obligations and to deposit payroll taxes in a timely manner. Reporting requirements include:Making federal tax depositsAnnual federal unemployment tax return (Form 940 or 940EZ)Employer's quarterly payroll tax return (Form 941)Annual Return of Withheld Federal Income Tax (Form 945)Wage and Tax Statements (Form W-2)Employers also have requirements to file reports with various state and local agencies. Employers can find links to state tax agencies through the American Payroll Association website.