Mexican Muralism Diego Rivera, 1921 returns to Mexico from France Response to Mexican Revolution that had recently ended (begun in 1910) Rivera ends his cubist period and becomes influenced by Italian Fresco painting
American Regionalism Social Realism Thomas Hart Benton, Grant Wood, John Steuart Curry, Edward Hopper, Balthus 1930s-50s Reaction to Modernism of Europe and New York Influenced by Mexican Muralism Regionalism reveals conservative Midwestern values Social Realism depicts urban reality
Surrealism France: André Breton, René Magritte, Max Ernst Spain: Juan Miró, Salvador Dalí 1924-1960s Result of the move of many Dada artists to Paris after WWI; influenced by Dada’s rejection of logic. Influenced by Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams, 1900, and an interest in understanding human behavior; depicts fascination with the occult.
Max Ernst, The Elephant of Celebes, German, 1921
Max Ernst, Two Children Threatened by a Nightengale, German, 1924
René Magritte, The Murderer Threatened, Belgium, 1927