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HAS 4400 Session Ten Chapter 11 Relationship with the patient Physician-patient Hospital-patient.

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Presentation on theme: "HAS 4400 Session Ten Chapter 11 Relationship with the patient Physician-patient Hospital-patient."— Presentation transcript:


2 HAS 4400 Session Ten

3 Chapter 11 Relationship with the patient Physician-patient Hospital-patient

4 Physician-patient Beginning the relationship –Contract to care for a certain population –Express contract –Implied contract Nondiscrimination Ending the relationship –Patient withdrawal –Transfer –Physician withdrawal –Unable to provide care –Abandonment

5 Hospital-Patient Nondiscrimination statutes –Title VI CRA –ADA –The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 –The age Discrimination Act of 1975 –State Law –Attempts to require discrimination Patient recruiting Nonemergency Patients –Common law right to admission –Contractual right to admission –Hill-Burton Community service –Statutory Right to Admission Reasons for nonadmission

6 The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) Screening Stabilization Transfers Penalties –Loss of Medicare entitlement –Law Suit

7 Discharge False imprisonment Habeas corpus Discharge of patients needing additional care Level of care Disruptive patients Recommended procedure (review) Refusal to leave Temporary releases Escape

8 HAS 4400 Chapter Twelve Treatment, Authorization and Refusal Dr. Burton

9 Informed Consent Required Disclosure Reasonable PhysicianReasonable Physician Reasonable PatientReasonable Patient

10 Elements of Disclosure Patient’s Medical Condition Nature and purpose of the proposed procedure Consequences and risks Feasible accepted alternatives, including consequences of no treatment

11 Exceptions to the disclosure requirement Emergencies Therapeutic privilege Patient waiver Prior patient knowledge Statutory exceptions

12 Responsibility for Obtaining Consent Physician Limited Hospital Role

13 Blanket Battery Detailed Challenges Capacity, Readability, Translation, Voluntariness, Withdrawal of consent

14 Right to Refuse (Bases) Common Law –Freedom from nonconsensual invasion Statutory rights –Living Wills, Durable powers of attorney, Hospice laws Constitutional rights –Liberty interest protected by due process clause –Freedom of religion –Right to privacy

15 Involuntary Treatment Threats to the Community Impaired Capacity Life of Others Dependents Criminal Law Enforcement Civil Law Discovery Other: –Preservation of Life –Prevention of Irrational Self-destruction –Protection of the Ethical Integrity of Health Care Providers –No Family Veto

16 Limits on Treatment Inappropriate treatment Medically unnecessary treatment “Futile treatment” Refusal to leave

17 Adults w/Decision Making capacity Age of majority (18) Not declared incompetent Capable of understanding consequences Limits on Authority to consent –Mayhem –Suicide –Illegal drugs or devices –Inappropriate treatment

18 Incapacitated Adults W/ prior directive W/O prior directive –Next of Kin –Guardian Substituted judgment and best interests

19 Minors Emergency care Self-determination –Statutes –Emancipated minors –Mature minors Limits on decisions (same rationale as adults) Infants

20 Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) Genesis Louis Kutner coined the term “living will” in 1969 California passed the Natural Death Act in the mid-seventies PSDA implemented through Medicare/Medicaid Providers Written info at time of admission. -the person’s rights under law to make health care decisions, including the right to accept or refuse treatment and right to complete state-allowed advanced directives, and -the provider’s written policies concerning implementation of those rights; document in the patient’s medical record whether or not the person has completed an advance directive; not discriminate or condition care based on whether or not the person has completed an advance directive; ensure compliance with state laws concerning advance directives provide education for staff and the community on issues concerning advance directives.

21 Advance directives Instructional – living will/terminal care document Proxy – durable power of attorney

22 Assisted Suicide

23 Philosophy Statement Eval Form Student Name: _____________________ Course: ____________________ Worldview Guiding principles and values Application of ethical principles Ethical Approach to decision making Focus as a health care professional **Written Expression Clarity Syntax/Grammar Editing

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