Chapter 4 4.9- 4.10/ Phrasal Verbs Forms Inseparable Phrasal Verbs Get on the train Separable Phrasal Verbs Make up your mind. Make it up A phrasal verb.
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Chapter 4 4.9- 4.10/ Phrasal Verbs Forms Inseparable Phrasal Verbs Get on the train Separable Phrasal Verbs Make up your mind. Make it up A phrasal verb is a verb + preposition ( or adverb) that have special meaning. The preposition or the adverb is called a particle.
Inseparable / Separable phrasal verbs Pronouns I ran into her. Pr Get on it. Get along with her. Nouns I ran into my teacher. N Get on the train. Go you get along with Maha. Inseparable The direct object can be a noun( teacher) or a pronoun ( he) Pronouns 1.1.He may make it up. 2.2. Fill it out 3. Clean them off. Nouns 1.He may make up the lost time. He may make the lost time up. 2.Fill out this form. Fill this form out. 3.Clean off the shoes. Clean the shoes off. Separable 1.The direct object can go after the particle 2. Or between the verb and the particle.
4.11.Inseparable Phrasal Verbs/ p. 111 Come back : return Drop by: visit informally Get along ( with ): be in good terms with Get off: come out Get on: board a kind of transportation Get up: arise from bed Go back: return to a place. Go off: ring ( alarm) explode( gun) Go over: review Grow up: become an adult Look after: take care of Move out (of):leave Run into: meet accidentally Sleep in: sleep late Speak out: speak without fear Stop off: make a short stop Work out: exercise ( usually in a gym)
4.12/ Separable Phrasal Verbs Bring up: raise children / bring children up Call up: telephone/ call my friends up Calm down: help someone to relax / calm your mother down. Clean up: make neat/ clean your room up Drop off: leave something/someone. Drop the course off. Fill out; write information/ fill the form out Fill up: make full / fill your stomach up Find out: get information / find the answer out Get back: return / get the children back Give up; stop / give your seat up Help out: assist/ help your friend out Look up: search/ look the words up Make up: compensate for/ make up an exam Pick up: to get something/ someone / pick up my friend
4.12 /separable verbs Put up: to construct/ they want to put up a wall Slow down: go slowly/ slow the car down Take out: remove/ take it out Tear down: pull down/ tear the wall down Tire out: exhaust/ Politics tire me out Turn off: stop something/ turn the computer off Turn up /turn down/ : increase – decrease/ turn the radio up Wake up: stop sleeping/ wake me up Work out: find a solution for/ they want to work the traffic out. Exercise 4- 5-6 / page 113-114-115
k Yes and No Questions and Short answers I am early. Am I early? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. You are happy. Are you here? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t He is a boy. Is he a boy? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. Negative questions Aren’t you early? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. Isn’t that a woman? Yes, she is. No, she’s not or she isn’t Assignment: Exercise 6- 7- 8- 9 -10- 11 9 = introduce yourself [ 2 sentences] 10= Describe yourself [ I’m tall- short..] 11= Ask your friends two questions to know about her. one in the negative. [ aren’t you…] one in the affirmative.[ Are you a student..?]
4.13 Preposition of place / page 119 Explanation / Use Before buildings – towns- and continents/ in Italy- in the room Streets and bodies of water/ on the river/on the street Street addresses and specific location / at 17 Bow street Middle of two points/ between the chairs Close to/ near the theatre Separated by a distance/ far away from school beside./ next to yours Opposite / or on the other side of/ across from the police Below/ under the bed Means above/ over the bed The direction to reach/ go to Boston In the direction of / toward the park In one side and out of the other/ through the window preposition In On At Between Near Far from Next to Across from Under Over To Toward through
4.14 / Preposition of Time In : use it before years –seasons- months- days/ in May On : use before days of the week and dates/ On Sunday At: use at before a specific time of day / at night- at 6 From---to: use with beginning and ending of time/ from one to two During: use with period of time/ during the week Until: use until with ending times/ until October Before: ending time/ before summer After: later than/ after class
4.15 / Indefinite Article a/ an 1. Use a/ an before a singular noun. Example : My sister has an umbrella/ a bag. 2. Use a/ an for a generic noun to talk about one of a group Example: A park is a nice a place. Don’t use a/ an Don’t use a/ an before a plural noun. --tables
4.16 / The Definite Article The 1.Use the for the identified noun. A noun can become identified at its second mention in the context. Example: My sister has a dress. The dress is long. 2. For something specific: Example: The oldest building.. Don’t use the Don’t use the with a general plural noun. Example: Gardens are beautiful places.
4.17 / The with Names People: Use the with titles Example: The President of the United States Don’t use with names of specific people. Say: Queen Elizabeth. President Bosh Places: Don’t use the with the names of streets, cities, states,and most countries, except plural place names like the United States- The Philippines- The Buenos Aires Buildings Use the with the name of buildings. The tower of London Historical Events Use the with names of historical events. The French Revolution