Presentation on theme: "Social Bond Theory Self-Control Theory"— Presentation transcript:
1 Social Bond Theory Self-Control Theory Travis Hirschi Michael Gottfredson
2 Social Bond Theory Travis Hirschi Social Process TheoriesSocial Control TheoriesCauses of Delinquency (1969)Social Bond TheoryAttachmentCommitmentInvolvementBelief
3 Social Bond Theory Travis Hirschi Attachment refers to a person’s sensitivity to and interest in others.
4 Social Bond Theory Travis Hirschi Commitment involves the time, energy, and effort expended in conventional lines of action, such as getting an education and saving money for the future.
5 Social Bond Theory Travis Hirschi Heavy involvement in conventional activities leaves little time for illegal behavior.
6 Social Bond Theory Travis Hirschi People who live in the same social settings often share common moral beliefs; they may adhere to such values as sharing, sensitivity to rights of others, and admiration for the legal code.
8 Testing Social Bond Theory Hirschi’s Supporting ResearchYouths who were strongly attached to their parents were less likely to commit criminal acts.Commitment to conventional values, such as striving to get a good education and refusing to drink alcohol and “cruise around,” was indicative of conventional behavior.Youths involved in conventional activity, such as homework, were less likely to engage in criminal behavior.Youths involved in unconventional behavior, such as smoking and drinking, were more delinquency prone.Youths who maintained weak and distant relationships with people tended toward delinquency.Those who shunned unconventional acts were attached to their peers.Delinquents and nondelinquents shared similar beliefs about society.
9 Testing Social Bond Theory Opposing ViewsFriendshipNot all elements of the bond are equalDeviant peers and parentsRestricted in scopeChanging bondsCrime and social bonds
10 Self-Control Theory Travis Hirschi & Michael Gottfredson Latent Trait TheoriesGeneral Theory of Crime (GTC)A General Theory of Crime (1990)Self-Control Theory
11 Self-Control Theory Travis Hirschi & Michael Gottfredson Differences of Social Bond Theory & Self-control TheoryA General Theory of Crime (1990)Integration of:BiosocialPsychologicalRoutine activitiesRational Choice Theories
12 Self-Control Theory Travis Hirschi & Michael Gottfredson In GTC Gottfredson and Hirschi consider the criminal offender and the criminal act as separate concepts
14 Self-Control Theory Travis Hirschi & Michael Gottfredson CriticismsTautologicalDifferent classes of criminalsEcological / Individual differencesRacial and gender differencesMoral beliefsPeer influencePeople changeModest relationshipCross-cultural differencesMisreads Human nature