Benefits of Graduate School Develop specialized skills; Responsibility; Research; Specialized education; and Higher paying jobs!
Primary Career Paths Academia – I will not be addressing this. Government – Federal, State/Regional, and Local Agencies. Industry - Oil Companies, Electric Utilities, etc. Consulting- Engineering and Ecological Firms.
Opportunities in Government Federal Agencies US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) US Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE) US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) US Geological Survey (USGS) Office of Naval Research
Federal Agencies US EPA NPDES – stormwater EMAP – monitoring design, statistics NEP – watershed management US ACOE Wetland Regulation & Permitting Dredging and Navigation Ecosystem Restoration (Everglades)
Federal Agencies USGS Water Resources Coastal Geology & Beach Erosion Water Quantity & Quality Monitoring Hydrological Restoration Office of Naval Research Oceanographic Investigations Military Applications
Opportunities in Government State & Regional Agencies (Florida) Florida Department of Environmental Protection Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Water Management Districts Regional Planning Councils Department of Transportation Department of Health
State and Regional Agencies (Florida) FDEP Regulatory Programs Water Resource Management Wetland Regulation & Permitting Watershed Management Integrated Water Resources Monitoring (IWRM) Air Resource Management Waste Management Office of Beaches & Coastal Systems
State and Regional Agencies (Florida) FDEP Lands and Recreation State Lands Recreation and Parks Greenways and Trails Coastal and Aquatic Managed Areas Planning and Management Resource Assessment and Management
State and Regional Agencies (Florida) FWCC Habitat Conservation Plans Protected Species Management Game and Sport Fish Management Florida Marine Research Institute (FMRI) Eckerd “post-grad” Marine Resource Monitoring & Management Applied Scientific Investigations < 10 minutes away!!!
State and Regional Agencies (Florida) Water Management Districts (SWFWMD) Resource Management SWIM Program (Tampa) Habitat Restoration Watershed Management Planning Water Supply Development Resource Regulation Wetland Regulation and Permitting Stormwater Management
State and Regional Agencies (Florida) Department of Community Affairs Resource Management Plans Land Use & Growth Management Regional Planning Councils Resource Management Plans Development of Regional Impact Review DOT Wetland Regulation and Permitting DOH Water Quality Monitoring
Local Government Programs County Programs Pinellas County DEM Water Resource Management Pollution Prevention Lands Management Codes Enforcement Air Quality Environmental Support Services Water and Navigation Pinellas County Public Works Surface Water Engineering
Local Government Programs County Programs Hillsborough County EPC Water Quality Monitoring Environmental Lab Services Benthic Community Analysis Section Industrial and Domestic Waste Permitting Jurisdictional Wetland Delineation & Permitting
Local Government Programs City & Municipal Programs City of Tampa Bay Study Group Water Quality Monitoring Seagrass Monitoring Phytoplankton Taxonomy Point Source Permit Compliance Monitoring Public Works, Utilities, Planning, etc.
Opportunities in Industry Oil Companies Oil and Gas Exploration Geological Backgrounds are preferred Employment is Cyclical Electric Utilities Focus is on Regulatory Compliace Wetland Permitting for Transmission Lines NPDES – Discharge Permitting Biological Backgrounds Preferred
Opportunities in Industry Mining Companies - Phosphate Focus is on Land Reclamation & Wetland Restoration Geological and Biological Backgrounds are preferred Employment is VERY Cyclical Insurance Companies Focus is Natural Resource Damage Assessment Biological Backgrounds Preferred
Opportunities in Consulting Engineering & Ecological Consulting Firms Regulatory Compliance & Resource Management Wetlands Mitigation and Restoration Threatened & Endangered Species Protection Watershed Management Planning Water Quality Monitoring and Modeling Water Resource Development and Management Biological Backgrounds Typically Preferred
Engineering & Ecological Consulting Firms Provide Technical Services for a Variety of Clients Public Sector – Federal, State, and Local Agencies Private Sector – Industries, Businesses, Developers Competitive – Marketing is a Major Aspect of the Job Very Diverse Range of Projects & Assignments Substantial Interaction with Engineers & Other Technical Professionals
Career Path Comparisons Government Employment High Job Security Low Compensation – Salary Only Reduced Job Stress Low Job Diversity Low to Moderate Travel Low to Moderate Advancement
Career Path Comparisons Industry Employment Low Job Security – VERY Cyclical High Compensation – Salary + Bonus + Stock Moderate to High Job Stress (Lack of Security) Low to Moderate Job Diversity Moderate to High Travel Moderate to High Advancement
Career Path Comparisons Consulting Employment Moderate Job Security High Compensation – Salary + Bonus + Stock High Job Stress – Very Competitive High Job Diversity High Travel Moderate to High Advancement
Other Career Opportunities Non-Profit Environmental Organizations Sierra Club, Nature Conservancy, etc. Tampa Baywatch Focus is Political Activism, Lobbying, etc. Biological Background Preferred Law Firms Requires a Law Degree or Paralegal Training Focus is Land Use, Environmental, Maritime Law Technical Background is of Secondary Importance
How to Get There Internships Volunteer Part-Time Employment What is Happening Around You? Get Involved!! Network
How I Got Here Eckerd College Class of 1994 Aquarist- Jenkinson’s Aquarium- Pt. Pleasant, NJ- 1993-1995 FMRI – Research Staff/Biosampler- 1995- 1998 FMRI- Biological Scientist- 1998-August 2001- NMFS Headboat Sampler Pinellas County DEM- Environmental Specialist 1- August 2001- April 06 Pinellas County DEM- Environmental Specialist 2- current