ETHICS AT WORK: Your Attitude and Responsibilities What is ethics? The code of moral principles and values that govern the behaviors of a person or group.
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ETHICS AT WORK: Your Attitude and Responsibilities What is ethics? The code of moral principles and values that govern the behaviors of a person or group with respect to what is right or wrong. Human Relations
What is an ethical dilemma? Human Relations A situation that arises when all alternative choices or behaviors have been deemed undesirable. Potentially negative ethical consequences, making it difficult to distinguish right from wrong.
Ethical dilemma - examples Human Relations McDonalds uses beef flavor & tells Hindus it doesn’t. Styrofoam vs. paper
Ethical Decision Making Human Relations Most ethical dilemmas involve:Most ethical dilemmas involve: A conflict between needs of the part & whole.A conflict between needs of the part & whole. The individual versus the organization.The individual versus the organization. The organization versus society as a whole.The organization versus society as a whole.
Approaches for Ethical Decision Making Utilitarian Approach Individualism Approach Moral-Rights Approach Justice Approach Human Relations
Utilitarian Approach Moral behavior produces the greatest good for the greatest number. Critics fear a “Big Brother” approach and ask if the common good is squeezing the life out of the individual. Human Relations
Individualism Approach Acts are moral when they promote the individual's best long-term interests, which ultimately leads to the greater good. Individual self-direction paramount. Individualism is believed to lead to honesty & integrity since that works best in the long run. Human Relations
Moral-Rights Approach Moral decisions are those that best maintain the rights of those people affected by them.Moral decisions are those that best maintain the rights of those people affected by them. An ethical decision is one that avoids interfering with the fundamental rights of others.An ethical decision is one that avoids interfering with the fundamental rights of others. Human Relations
“Moral Rights” “Moral Rights” The right of free consent The right to privacy The right of freedom of conscience The right of free speech The right to due process The right to life & safety Human Relations
Justice Approach Moral Decisions must be based on standards of equity, fairness, and impartiality. Three types of Justice Approaches: Distributive Justice Procedural Justice Compensatory Justice Human Relations
Distributive Justice Treatment of people should not be based on arbitrary characteristics. People should be treated differently in proportion to the differences among them. Evenly Distributed Human Relations
Procedural Justice Rules should be clearly stated. Rules should be consistently and impartially enforced. Rules and Procedures Govern Human Relations
Compensatory Justice Individuals should not be held responsible for matters they have no control over. Individuals should be compensated for the cost of their injuries by the party responsible. Even it Out Human Relations
When faced with a tough decision, see if it CLICKS: –Consequences—What will be the consequences of my actions? –Legal—Is it legal? –Image—Would I like to see this on the front page of the newspaper? –Culture—Does it support my organization’s culture and values? –Knot—Does it cause a knot in my stomach? Source: Lee Gardenswartz and Anita Row, Gardenswartz & Rowe, Los Angeles, CA and Patricia Digh, Realwork, Washington, D.C.
Tort, or Personal Injury, Law When an ethical dilemma becomes a legal problem: McDonalds Hot Coffee Sexual Harassment Men’s vs. women’s laundry & hair cuts. Human Relations
Tools for Managing Company Ethics Leadership Ethical Structure CodeCode of Ethics Ethics CodeEthics Whistle Blowers Blowers Human Relations