Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Networks “Each time you use the telephone you use the world’s largest computer network – the telephone system”

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Networks “Each time you use the telephone you use the world’s largest computer network – the telephone system”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Networks “Each time you use the telephone you use the world’s largest computer network – the telephone system”

2 A Computer Network A system of linked computers that allow messages to be transmitted from one to another Messages can be text, sound, video and graphics

3 Purpose of Networks Allows sharing of hardware
Allows sharing of software Allows easy exchange and sharing of data between different locations Tele-working Video Conferencing Electronic data interchange (EDI)

4 Components of a Network
Hardware A sending device A communications link A receiving device Communications software

5 Network Terms Node Channel Host Computer (Server)
A point on a network to which a device is attached Channel The path over which data is transmitted Host Computer (Server) A computer that manages the network

6 Types of Networks There are 2 basic types of networks
LAN – Local Area Network WAN – Wide Area Network

7 LAN ‘Hardwired’ within the same building
Components are in fixed positions Computers are in close ‘proximity’ to each other Computers have immediate access to CPU – no dial-up required Terminals/computers are directly linked to each other and to the host computer

8 WAN Uses a telecommunications service to link computers over a distance Needs a modem to convert signals from digital to analog for transmission May use a combination of telecommunications services Connects many types of computers

9 Hardware Required Network Card Cables/wires for interconnection
Modem to convert signals Satellites to relay data Microwave stations to relay data

10 Network Card (NIC) Network card also called a Network Interface Card (NIC) NICs are needed to connect the network cable to the computer

11 Communications Channel
The route for digital information to pass through the network Wired and wireless The channel capacity is the number of bits of information it can transmit per second

12 How is Data Transmitted?
Both LANS and WAN use the following to link computers Twisted pair wire Coaxial Cable Fiber-optic cable

13 Twisted Pair Wire Two copper wires are twisted together to form a cable and then insulated Inexpensive Used in normal telephone lines so are already in place in buildings Susceptible to noise or interference Slow data transmission

14 Coaxial Cable Used to connect computers and terminals in a LAN
Heavily insulated single wire Can be laid underground or under the sea Much faster data transmission than twisted wire Less interference than twisted wire

15 Fiber Optic Cable Fiber optic technology uses light, not electricity, to send data Cables are made of glass fibers that guide light beams for miles Fiber optics is faster, lighter, and less expensive than wire cables

16 Fiber Optics Used higher frequencies so less interference
Has high bandwidth thus faster transmission of data

17 Modem Modems convert digital signals to analog and analog signals to digital Modem is short for Modulate/Demodulate

18 Modem Speeds Modem speed is measured in bits per second
This is how many bits per second (bps) are being transmitted over the channel Current speed for modems is 56.6 kbps

19 ISDN ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) is designed to transmit a computer’s digital signal directly over a network The entire network is digital

20 Benefits of ISDN No digital to analog conversion
Speed—data can be transmitted at 128,000bps much faster than modem Voice and data transmission can happen at same time

21 Disadvantages of ISDN High initial costs On-going monthly fees
Possibly, a newer phone line is needed Not available in some geographic areas Newer technologies like DSL now becoming available

22 Microwave Transmission
Data is sent as signals through the atmosphere from one relay station to another Line-of-sight transmission only

23 Microwave Transmission
Since signals cannot bend - needs relay stations (in high places) about 30 miles apart to continue transmission Microwave transmissions are fast and cost-effective

24 Satellites This form of communications link requires earth stations and transponders Earth stations send and receive signals. Transponders amplify the signal, change the frequency, and retransmit the data to a receiving earth station

25 Satellite Transmission
Requires Earth Stations - which send and receive signals Transponders – receives the signal from an earth station, amplifies it, changes the frequency and sends it on to another earth station near the destination

26 Wireless Networks Use radio waves and/or microwaves to maintain communication channels between computers The data is beamed out over the airwaves Advantages of wireless include mobility and elimination of unsightly cables

27 Advantages of Wireless
Users with personal digital assistant (PDA) handheld computers such as Palm Pilots or with laptops can use wireless technology to allow them to move about while maintaining their network connectivity

28 Advantages of Wireless
The ability for users to network desktop computers at various locations without the trouble or expense of wiring

29 Disadvantages of Wireless
Slower than wired networks Equipment more expensive Wireless networks are affected by obstructions such as walls etc in their vicinity Interference from other wireless devices such as cell-phones Interference from weather

30 Mix and Match Most networks will be a combination of the many technologies that have been looked at here

Download ppt "Networks “Each time you use the telephone you use the world’s largest computer network – the telephone system”"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google