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Understanding Movies Pengantar Penelitian Sastra.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding Movies Pengantar Penelitian Sastra."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding Movies Pengantar Penelitian Sastra

2 Elements that we are going to learn today are… 1.Camera distance 2.Camera Angle 3.Camera Movement 4.Mise on Scene

3 Camera Distance 1.Extreme Long Shot 2.Long Shot (Full Shot) 3.Medium Long Shot 4.Medium Shot 5.Medium Close Up 6.Close Up 7.Extreme Close Up

4 – Shows location – Often used as an initial establishing shot in a sequence Camera Distance: Extreme Long Shot (ELS)

5 frames the entire body of one or more characters Camera Distance: Long Shot (full shot)

6 - is also called “plan américain” or American shot - shows 1 to 3 characters from the thigh up. - shows characters and their roles without emphasizing their emotions. Camera Distance: Medium Long Shot

7 7 Camera Distance: Medium Shot – Waist up – Focus on character(s)

8 8 Camera Distance: Medium Close Up – Chest up – Focus on character(s)

9 9 Camera Distance: Close Up Can be of people Can be of objects

10 10 If the close up is of the whole or part of the face then it shows emotion and reinforces spectator involvement Camera Distance: Close Up

11 11 An extreme close up is more magnified than close up, and will focus on one part (hand, eye, mouth, etc.) Camera Distance: Extreme Close Up

12 12 Camera Distance: Extreme Close Up Often used at climax of drama

13 Camera Angle 1.Straight-on Angle 2.Canted (Dutch) Angle 3.High Angle 4.Low ANgle

14 Camera Angle: Straight-on Angle Normal angle and makes spectator feel comfortable

15 Camera Angle: Canted (Dutch) Angle produces sense of unease in spectator

16 16 Camera Angle: High Angle Connotation - lack of power

17 17 A shot taken from below an character, as if he/she is looking down on us. This may make us feel small and the character seem powerful and authoritative Gladiator, Ridley Scott, 2000 Camera Angle: Low Angle

18 Camera Movement 1.Panorama 2.Tilt 3.Track (dolly) 4.Zoom

19 19 Camera Movement: Pan (Panorama) Camera swivels left or right on axis. Used for: – Showing scene – Following movement – Guiding attention

20 Camera Movement: Tilt Camera swivels up or down. Used for: – Showing scene on different levels – Following movement

21 21 Camera Movement: Track (Dolly) - camera on wheels, usually on a little cart called a dolly (so sometimes known as a “dolly shot”; or the verb “to dolly” is used. - can track in/out, left/right, slow/fast.

22 22 Camera Movement : Track (dolly) Tracking in Lateral track(ing shot)

23 Use of zoom lens to create illusion of camera moving in/out. Can zoom in/out (forward zoom/reverse zoom) Camera Movement : Zoom

24 Mise en scène (pronounced “meez on sen” with second syllable nasalised, term from French theatre) refers to everything we see on the screen. 1.Lighting 2.Props and Objects 3.Color 4.Proxemic Patterns and Gestures

25 25 Three point system of lighting – Key light: main source of light – Backlight: adds highlights and differentiates actor from background – Fill light: softens shadows from key light Mise en scène: Lighting

26 Lighting 1.High Key Lighting 2.Low Key Lighting

27 27 High Key Lighting - lighting scheme in which fill light is raised to almost the same level as key light - produces images that are usually very bright, few shadows on principal subjects. This bright image is characteristic of entertainment genres such as musicals Peking Opera Blues /Do Ma Daan, Tsui Hark (Honk Kong, 1986) Mise en scène

28 28 Low Key Lighting Key light dimmed (may be moved – kick light), very little fill light, creating strong contrasts between the brightest and darkest parts of an image and often creating strong shadows that obscure parts of the principal subjects. Shadows - connote unease, sense of evil - feature of horror Touch of Evil (Orson Welles, 1957) Mise en scène

29 29 Costumes are important props. In film, any portion of a costume may become a prop. His Girl Friday (Howard Hawkes, 1940) Mise en scène: Props and Objects

30 30 Mise en scène: Colour Colour is strongly linked to emotions Cool colours (blue, green, violet) suggest calm Warm colours (red, yellow, orange) suggest aggression and violence

31 31 The relationships between the organisms in a space are called Proxemic Patterns. The proxemic pattern is determined by distance and may be Intimate (touching – ½ m away), Personal (½ m – 1m), Social (1m – 4m), or Public (greater than 4m distance). Mise en scène: Proxemic Patterns and Gestures

32 Source Giannetti, Louis. 2002. Understanding Movies 9 th Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Giannetti, Louis. 2002. Understanding Movies 9 th Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall

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