2 I. IntroductionThe Audio-Lingual Method is an approach that drills students in the use of grammatical sentence patterns.
3 Ⅱ.Principles & Techniques Appliedsituation or effectDialog memorizat- ionLanguage occurs most naturally within a context.Dialog& ShortconversationRepetition drillLanguage learning is a process of habit formation.Dialog
4 Backward build-up (expansion) drill Teachers shouldcorrect students’ errors immediately.Long linedialogChain drillStudents have to be able to use the target language to communicate.Teachers can check each student’s speech.Single-slot/Multiple-slot Substitu-tion drillParticular parts of speech occupy particular “slots” in sentences.Let students practice in finding and filling in the slots of a sentence.
5 Transformation/Question -And-answer drillEnable studentsto form thehabits of usingthe patterns.Statement→ QuestionActive sentence→Passive Direct speech→ReportedUse of minimal pairsUse pairs of words that differ in only one sound.Grammar gameSupermarket alphabetComplete the dialogErase some words from a dialog.
6 III.Compare three methods mentioned before Direct MethodGrammar- translationAudio- LingualLess communicativeMore communicativeVocabulary acquisitionGrammar sentencesNative language is not involvedNative language is involved
7 IV. ConclusionAudio- Lingual is a great way to make the learners memorize the new sentences in a short time since it emphasizes on the repetition. However, our group thinks it may be a little time- consuming and the learners may get tired quickly. Therefore, we suggest the way may go well if the other methods are practiced at the same time.