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Presentation on theme: "B. OVERVIEW OF SMALL BUSINESS"— Presentation transcript:

3.00 Can students explain the legal environment of small business? 3.01 What are the various forms of forms of business ownership? (The logos used in this PowerPoint were copied directly from corporate websites. They have not been altered in any way.)

2 Three basic forms of business ownership
Sole proprietorship Partnership Corporation

3 Sole proprietorship A business owned and operated by one person.
Approximately percent of all businesses in the U.S are sole proprietorships.

4 Advantages of sole proprietorships
Easy and inexpensive to create. Owner makes all business decisions. Owner receives all profits. Least regulated form of business ownership. Business itself pays no taxes.

5 Disadvantages of sole proprietorships
Owner has unlimited liability for all debts and actions of the business. Unlimited liability: The debts of the business may be paid from the personal assets of the owner. Difficult to raise capital. Sole proprietorship is limited by his/her skills and abilities. The death of the owner automatically dissolves the business.

6 Partnership A form of business ownership in which two or more people share the assets, liabilities, and profits.

7 Types of Partnerships General partnership: A partnership in which all partners have unlimited personal liability and take full responsibility for the management of the business. Limited partnership: A partnership in which the partners’ liability is limited to their investment.

8 Types of Partnerships Joint venture: A partnership in which two companies join to complete a specific project. The partnership ends after a specified period of time. Strategic alliance: A partnership in which two businesses work together for mutual benefit.

9 Advantages of partnerships
Shared decision making and management responsibilities. Easier to raise capital than in a sole proprietorship. Few government regulations. Business losses are shared by all partners.

10 Disadvantages of partnerships
Partnerships may lead to disagreements. Some entrepreneurs are not willing to share responsibilities and profits. Some entrepreneurs fear being held legally liable for the error of their partners. Each owner has unlimited liability.

11 Corporation A business that is chartered by a state and legally operates apart from its owners.

12 Become the Advisor 10 mins. to plan 30 mins. to Research
Research the one of the three basic forms of business ownership. Think of four questions you have about the business ownership. Prepare a presentation that includes the following information about the type of business. Advantages versus Disadvantages of the ownership Various types of the ownership if applicable What is required to begin this type of business in NC? What assistance is available to start the business? What are the tax implications of this type of business Give two examples of the business ownership type: one product, one service business. Highlight any new terminology relevant to this business type. 30 mins. to Research 20 mins. to prepare

13 Types of corporations C-corporation: The most common form corporation. It protects the entrepreneur from being personally sued for the actions and debts of the corporation. Subchapter S corporation: A corporation that taxed like a sole proprietorship or partnership.

14 Types of corporations Nonprofit corporation: Legal entities that make money for reasons other than the owner’s profit. Limited Liability Company (LLC): A new form of business ownership that provides limited liability and tax advantages.

15 Advantages of corporations
Can raise money by issuing shares of stock. Offers owners limited liability. Limited Owners are liable only up to the amount of their investments.

16 Advantages of corporations
People can easily enter or leave the business by buying or selling their shares of stock. The business can hire experts to professionally manage each aspect of business.

17 Disadvantages of corporations
Legal assistance is needed to start a corporation. Start-up is costly. Corporations are subject to more government regulations than partnerships or sole proprietorships.

18 Disadvantages of corporations
A lot of paperwork is involved in running a corporation. Income is taxed twice.

19 Alternate approaches to starting a business
Buy an existing business. Enter a family business. Own a franchise business.

20 Advantages of buying an existing business
Existing businesses already customers, suppliers, and procedures. Seller of the business may be willing to train the new owner. There are existing financial records. Financial arrangements may be easier.

21 Disadvantages of buying an existing business
Business may be for sale because it is not making a profit. Problems may be inherited with the purchase of an existing business. Many entrepreneurs may not have the capital needed to purchase an existing business.

22 Advantages to entering a family business
There is a certain sense of pride and accomplishment that comes from being part of a family endeavor. A business can remain in the family for generations. Some people enjoy working with relatives. The efforts of running a family business give one the benefit of knowing that their efforts are helping those whom they care about.

23 Disadvantages to entering a family business
Senior management positions are often held by family members who may not be the best qualified. It may be difficult to retain qualified employees who are not members of the family.

24 Disadvantages to entering a family business
Family politics may affect decisions regarding the business. It is often difficult to separate business life and private life in family-run businesses. It is often difficult to set policies and procedures and to make decisions.

25 Own a franchise business
Franchise: A legal agreement that gives an individual the right to market a company’s products or services in a particular area. Franchisee: A person who purchases a franchise agreement. Franchisor: The person or company who sells a franchise. Initial franchise fee: The fee the franchise owner pays in return for the right to run the business.

26 Advantages of purchasing a franchise business
An established product or service is being provided. Franchisors often offer management, technical, and other assistance. Equipment and supplies may be less expensive. A guarantee of consistency attracts customers.

27 Disadvantages of purchasing a franchise business
The cost of franchises may be high, which reduce profits. Franchise owners are limited in the decisions they can make regarding the business. The performance of other franchises impact on the franchisee. The franchise agreement may be terminated by the franchisor.

Sole Proprietorship Partnership Corporation S Corporation FEATURE Simple to start Decisions made by one person Low initial cost Limited liability Limited government regulation Ability to raise capital Double taxation of profits Chapter 4

29 Assignment: Chapter 4 Outline Chapter 4, be sure to define the key terms below Complete each “Think Critically” Assessment C-corporation Corporation Franchise Franchisee Franchisor General partnership Initial franchise fee Joint venture Limited liability Limited Liability Company (LLC) Limited partnership Nonprofit corporation Partnership Public goods Sole proprietorship Strategic alliance Subchapter S corporation Unlimited liability Think Critically on pages: Pg. 84; 1-2 Pg. 91; 1-3 Pg. 97; 1-3 Pg. 100; 27-30

3.00 Explain the legal environment of small business. 3.02 What are the available sources of assistance for entrepreneurs? (The logos used in this PowerPoint were copied directly from corporate websites. They have not been altered in any way.)

31 The importance of seeking assistance
Most entrepreneurs do not possess ALL skills and knowledge necessary to run a successful business. Many forms of support and assistance are available to entrepreneurs from government agencies and private professionals.

32 Federal Resources Small Business Administration (SBA)
Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE) Small Business Institute (SBI)

33 Federal Resources U.S. Department of Commerce
Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

34 Federal/State Resource
Small Business Development Center (SBDC)

35 State Resources Department of Development (DOD)
Workers’ Compensation Board The State Department of Labor

36 State Resources The State Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection Division The Office of the Secretary of State

37 State Resources The State Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection Division The State Sales and Use Tax Division

38 Local/community Resources
Chambers of Commerce

39 Local/community Resources
Colleges, universities, and technical schools Licensing and Permit Offices County Health Departments County Extension Services

40 Professional Services
Attorneys Accountants Insurance agents


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