Presentation on theme: "Dissemination pathways Science and policy"— Presentation transcript:
1 Dissemination pathways Science and policy Beyond publicationDissemination pathwaysScience and policyMohammed Y SaidInternational Livestock Research InstituteP.O. Box 30709Nairobi
2 DefinitionsResearch: “any systematic effort to increase the stock of knowledge”Policy: a “purposive course of action followed by an actor or set of actors”Agendas / policy horizonsOfficial statements documentsPatterns of spendingActivities on the groundImplementation processes
4 Dissemination pathways Journal ArticlesInformation or fact sheetNewspaper (feature, specialarticles, narratives)Radio and TVActing, Folk Stories, Open dayInternet and group discussionsPolicy briefsResearchersPublic, farmersDecision andPolicy MakersQuestionsWhat message do we want to pass? Who is the audience? and What you want to see as an outcome or Whom do you want to influence?
6 The Analytical Framework External InfluencesSocio-economic and cultural influences,donor policies etcThe Political Context – political and economic structures and processes, culture, institutional pressures, incremental vs radical change etc.The Links between policyand research communities – networks, relationships, power, competing discourses, trust, knowledge etc.The Evidence – credibility, the degree it challenges received wisdom, research approaches and methodology, simplicity of the message, how it is packaged etc
7 Communication Clear strategy (& strategic opportunism) Strenuous efforts are often neededPackagingInteractiveMultiple approachesSeeing is believingHow?Who?What?AudiencePromotionMessageIdentify – Design – Develop - Review
8 Research-Policy“critical issue for the future is how to improve researchers’ effectiveness in producing outputs that directly and indirectly change both policy and practice, are truly relevant to poor people’s needs, and are effectively taken up.” (DFID)Implications:1. Researchers – Relevance and Communication2. Systems of Demand & Uptake
9 1. What Should Researchers Do? A Practical Framework External Influencespolitical contextPolitics and PolicymakingCampaigning, LobbyingPolicy analysis, & researchMedia,Advertising, NetworkingScientific information exchange & validationResearch, learning & thinkingevidencelinks
10 Putting it into practice What researchers need to knowWhat researchers need to doHow to do itPolitical Context:EvidenceLinksGet to know the policymakers.Identify friends and foes.Prepare for policy opportunities.Look out for policy windows.Work with them – seek commissionsStrategic opportunism – prepare for known events + resources for othersWho are the policymakers?Is there demand for ideas?What is the policy process?Establish credibilityProvide practical solutionsEstablish legitimacy.Present clear optionsUse familiar narratives.Build a reputationAction-researchPilot projects to generate legitimacyGood communicationWhat is the current theory?What are the narratives?How divergent is it?Get to know the othersWork through existing networks.Build coalitions.Build new policy networks.Build partnerships.Identify key networkers, mavens and salesmen.Use informal contactsWho are the stakeholders?What networks exist?Who are the connectors, mavens and salesmen?
11 Tools for policy entrepreneurs Overarching Framework- The RAPID Framework- Using the FrameworkContext Assessment Tools- Stakeholder Analysis- Forcefield Analysis- Writeshops- Policy Mapping- Political Context MappingCommunication Tools- Communications Strategy- SWOT analysis- Message Design- Making use of the mediaResearch Tools- Case Studies- Episode Studies- Surveys- Bibliometric Analysis- Focus Group DiscussionPolicy Influence Tools- Influence Mapping & Power Mapping- Lobbying and Advocacy- Campaigning: A Simple Guide- CoalitionsNB: Research is one component.
19 Internet and e-group discussions Key MessageImportant challenges lie ahead of the Maasai as their traditional migration pathways are blocking up and they are themselves settling. What if the land belonging to one does not have as much rain and green pastures as the neighbours’ property? That is why harvesting and managing water is crucial.The evaluation report will provide some understanding of the impacts, efficiency and sustainability of the RELMA project and, by extension, be a good source of lessons for future rainwater harvesting projects among pastoral communities.