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All Things Weather Wise Weather Instruments, Pressure Systems and Fronts.

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Presentation on theme: "All Things Weather Wise Weather Instruments, Pressure Systems and Fronts."— Presentation transcript:

1 All Things Weather Wise Weather Instruments, Pressure Systems and Fronts

2 Warm Up 1. What is air pressure? 2. What happens to the molecules when air warms up? 3. Why does air move out of a filled balloon when you untie the end?

3 Warm Up 1. Why is it hot at the equator and cold at the poles? 2. What is needed to create an area of high pressure? 3. What causes low pressure? 4. What happens to air at the poles? At the equator? 5. What is wind?

4 Warm Up 1. What type of clouds are associated with good weather? 2. How is weather described? List 7 factors. 3. How do clouds form? 4. Describe a convection current.

5 Warm Up 1. What causes low pressure on the Earth’s surface? 2. What type of weather is associated with a cold front? 3. What is wind? What causes it? Which way does air move? 4. What is the role of ozone in the stratosphere? 5. What happens to temperature in the troposphere?

6 What Is Weather? …Conditions of the atmosphere at a given place and time. Air pressure Temperature Wind speed, wind direction Cloud cover, type precipitation

7 Weather Instruments: Anemometer Measures wind speed Wind turns the cups; faster wind turns cups faster Faster wind = higher wind speed Wind speed measured in mph or kph

8 Weather Instrument: Barometer Measures air pressure When air pressure increases, the air pushes down on the mercury, which then rises in the tube. Changes in air pressure can help to forecast weather

9 Wind Sock Wind fills the cone shaped bag Tells the direction of the wind Always name winds by where they are blowing FROM - A southeast winds blows from the southeast

10 High Pressure System Cooler, sinking air Creates generally clear days, good weather May be small cumulus clouds, if any

11 Low Pressure System Warmer, rising air Stratus clouds form if there is enough moisture in the air Drizzle or rain may occur

12 Warm Front When a warm air mass overtakes a cooler air mass Warm air rises over cool air Light to moderate, but steady rain at frontal boundary Temperature increases after front passes

13 Warm Front


15 Cold Front Cold air mass overtakes warmer air mass Cooler air nudges under warmer air Heavy, short periods of showers at frontal boundary Temp drops!

16 Cold Front

17 And Just a Bit About Hurricanes Form in the tropics over water that is greater than 79 degrees Fahrenheit Gathers strength as it remains over sea A storm must have winds of 75mph to be considered a hurricane; otherwise, it’s just a tropical storm or depression As it makes landfall, storm weakens, but can still have disastrous effects

18 Hurricane - A low pressure system where winds blow counterclockwise Eye

19 Warm Up Draw a Venn diagram comparing warm and cold fronts. Include at least two differences and two similarities.

20 Warm vs. Cold Fronts Warm Warm air rises slowly over cold Stratus clouds form Moderate precip over a long time Cold Warm air rises quickly Cumulonimbus Thunderstorms can include lightning and hail and tornadoes Both Change the air temp Occur when air masses meet Happen over land or water Can happen anytime

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