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Information Systems Security Officer

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Presentation on theme: "Information Systems Security Officer"— Presentation transcript:

1 Information Systems Security Officer
CS 996: Information Security Management Pavel Margolin 4/20/05

2 Overview Who is an ISSO? Duties and Responsibilities Planning
Establishing the CIAPP InfoSec Functions InfoSec in the Government

3 Who is an ISSO? ISSO – Information Systems Security Officer
Reports to the Chief Information Officer (CIO), who reports to the CEO. Leader of the Information Security (InfoSec) organization. Qualifications Manage and organize people Communicate to upper management without much technical details Have enough technical expertise to understand systems and make decisions

4 Duties and Responsibilities
Establishing and enforcing Corporate Information Assets Protection Program (CIAPP) Managing people Managing the business of CIAPP Managing CIAPP processes Hiring InfoSec staff Report to upper management

5 Planning Strategic Plan (ISSSP) Tactical Plan (ITP) Annual Plan (IAP)
Compatible with Strategic Business Plan Long-term direction, goals, and objectives Tactical Plan (ITP) Short-range plan Supports CIAPP and InfoSec functional goals and objectives Annual Plan (IAP) Identify and implement projects to accomplish the goals and objectives in the ISSSP and ITP Plan of projects for the year

6 Establishing the CIAPP
Reasons for the CIAPP Corporate vision, mission, and quality statements Corporate strategic, tactical, and annual business plans InfoSec vision, mission and quality statements InfoSec strategic, tactical and annual business plans Information and systems legal, ethical, and best business practices Overall information assets protection plans, policies, and procedures Current CIAPP-related and InfoSec policies Current CIAPP-related and InfoSec procedures Other topics as deemed appropriate by the ISSO

7 CIAPP Process CIAPP Costs Profits Sales Public Relations
Stockholders’ value Business Decisions Laws Regulations Business Practices Ethics InfoSec Policies InfoSec Procedures InfoSec Processes Risk Assessments Vulnerability assessments Threat Assessments Limited Risk assessments Risk analyses Best InfoSec Practices CIAPP

8 Example CIAPP Requirements and Policy Directive
Introduction Section Purpose Section Scope Section Responsibilities Requirements Section Identifying the value of the information Access to information systems Access to specific applications and files Audit trails and their review Reporting and response in the event of a violation Minimum protection requirements for the hardware, firmware and software Requirements for InfoSec procedures at other departments and lower levels of the corporation Physical Security Optional if Physical Security is handled by the Director of Security

9 InfoSec Functions Processes Valuing Information Awareness
Access Control Evaluation of all hardware, firmware and software Risk Management Security Tests and evaluations program Noncompliance Inquiries Contingency and emergency planning and disaster recovery program (CEP-DR)

10 Function Drivers Requirements-Drivers Customers Contracts
InfoSec Custodians Users Management Audits Tests & Evaluations Other employees Laws Regulations Non-compliance Inquiries Investigations Trade articles Technical Bulletings Business Plans ISSO’s plans Best business practices Best InfoSec practices ISSO Organizational Functions Identification of InfoSec requirements Access control Non-compliance Inquiries (NCI) Disaster Recovery/Emergency Planning Tests and Evaluations Intranet Security Internet and Web Site Security Security Applications Protection Security Software Development Software Interface InfoSec Evaluations Access Control Violations Analysis Systems’ Approvals CIAPP Awareness and Training Contractual Compliance Inspections InfoSec Risk Management CIAPP ISSO’s CIAPP organizational requirements Responsibilities Charter

11 InfoSec in the Government
National Security Classified Information Confidential – loss of this information can cause damage to national security Secret – loss of this information can cause serious damage to national security Top Secret – loss of this information can cause grave damage to national security Black/Compartmented – Granted on a need to know (NTK) basis. Ex: Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI). Unclassified For Official Use Only Unclassified but Sensitive Information

12 InfoSec Requirements in the Government
InfoSec policy – laws, rules, practices that regulate how organizations handle national security data. Accountability – assigning responsibility and accountability to individuals or groups who deal with national security information Assurance – guarantees that the InfoSec policy is implemented correctly and the InfoSec elements accurately mediate and enforce the policy Documentation – records how a system is structured, its functions and how the system was designed

13 InfoSec Objectives in the Government
Protect and defend all information used by an AIS (automated information system) Prevent unauthorized access, modification, damage, destruction, or DoS Provide assurances of: Compliance with government and contractual obligations and agreements Confidentiality of all classified information Integrity of information and related processes Availability of information Usage by authorized personnel only of the information and AIS Identification and elimination of fraud, waste, and abuse Information lost could be reconstructed Worst-case is when a compromise occurs and no one knows it.

14 ISSO at Gov’t Agencies Maintain a plan site security improvement
Ensure IS systems are operated, used, maintained and disposed of properly Ensure IS systems are certified and accredited Ensure users and personnel have required security clearances, authorization, NTK, and are familiar with internal security practices Enforce security policies and safeguards on personnel having access to an IS Ensure audit trails are reviewed periodically Initiate protective and corrective measures Report security incidents in accordance with agency specific policy Report the security status of the IS Evaluate know vulnerabilities to determine if additional security is needed

15 Levels of Performance Entry Level Intermediate Level Advanced Level
Identify vulnerabilities and recommend security solutions required to return the system to an operational level of assurance. Intermediate Level For a new system architecture, investigate and document system security technology, policies and training requirements to assure system operation at a specified level of assurance Advanced Level For an accreditation action, analyze and evaluate system security technology, policy and training requirements in support of upper management. The analysis will include a description of the management/technology team required to successfully complete the accreditation process

16 Duties of Gov’t ISSO Develop Certification and Accreditation Posture
Plan for Certification and Accreditation Create CIA Policy Control Systems Policy Culture and Ethics Incidence Response Implement Site Security Policy Provide CIA Ensure Facility is approved Manage Operations of Information Systems Regulate General Principles Access Control, Training, Awareness, Legal aspects, CC, etc Security Management Access Controls Human Access Key Management Incident Response

17 Duties (continued) Enforce and verify system security policy
CIA and Accountability Security Management Access Controls Automated Security Tools Handling Media Incident Response Report on site security Status Security Continuity Reporting Report Security Incidents Law Report Security Status of IS as required by upper management Report to Inspector General (IG)

18 Duties (continued) Support Certification and Accreditation
Certification Functions Accreditation Functions Respond to upper management requests

19 References Kovacich, Dr. Gerald L., “The Information Systems Security Officer’s Guide: Establishing and Managing an Information Protection Program” “Information Assurance Training Standard for Information Systems Security Officers”

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