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4 April 2011, Exeter Framework for Ocean Observing Eric Lindstrom, OOPC Chair 4 April 2011, Exeter UK.

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Presentation on theme: "4 April 2011, Exeter Framework for Ocean Observing Eric Lindstrom, OOPC Chair 4 April 2011, Exeter UK."— Presentation transcript:

1 4 April 2011, Exeter Framework for Ocean Observing Eric Lindstrom, OOPC Chair 4 April 2011, Exeter UK

2 2 Sponsorship IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO GEO Group on Earth Observations CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites POGO Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans SCOR Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research GCOS Global Climate Observing System GOOS Global Ocean Observing System JCOMM Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology PICES North Pacific Marine Science Organization ICES International Council for the Exploration of the Sea CoML Census of Marine Life IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme WCRP World Climate Research Programme

3 January 2011 Task Team Membership

4 April 2011 Input (Requirements) Output (Data & Products) Process (Observations) A Simple System

5 April 2011 Requirement What to Measure Essential Ocean Variables Issues Structure of the Framework Data Assembly Data Products Issues Impact Observations Argo VOS SatelliteConstellation SOOP IOOS Satellite … … … … … … … … … IMOS

6 April 2011 Framework: Societal Driver 2010 Weather & Climate UNFCCC/IPCC WCRP

7 April 2011 Regional Regional Seas CCAMLR Framework: Societal Drivers Next Decade Fisheries FAO RFMOs Ecosystem services/ Biology CBD CSD WSSD Real-time services Emergency support Ocean forecasting Assessments Global Marine (UN) TWAP (GEF) Regional Weather & Climate UNFCCC/IPCC WCRP Climate services Requirements Expanded EOVs Expanded observing systems and networks Data Products

8 April 2011 Readiness Levels Concept: Initial articulation of ideas, and appropriate feasibility studies. Increasing Readiness Levels Attributes: Peer review of ideas and studies at science, engineering, and data management community level. Pilot: Plans evolve from draft to projects and vetted in real-world implementation. Attributes: Planning, negotiating, testing, and approval within appropriate local, regional, global arenas. Mature: Requirements, systems, and data become elements of the sustained global ocean observing system. Attributes: Products of the global ocean observing system are well understood, documented, consistently available, and of societal benefit.

9 January 2011 Key Concepts of the Framework Articulated for global sustained ocean observing systems Designed for multidisciplinary approach Builds on existing structures and best practices Introduces “Essential Ocean Variables” as the common language Assesses “readiness” based on feasibility and impact – integrates developmental activity (R&D) into the framework Seeks to connect requirements setting process directly to scientific and society needs (with feedback from products) Systems approach better defines interfaces for all actors in the framework, promoting collaborative alignment of independent groups/communities/networks

10 4 April 2011, Exeter Aligning organizations to implement the Framework The team considered several approaches for governing the Framework –Characterized by Simplicity –Based on Functional Needs –Bring Stakeholders Together –Nominal Operating Costs Requires ongoing engagement of international sponsors and other bodies Recommends establishment of a Framework Steering Group: representatives of international sponsors of OO’09, including WCRP –ephemeral, not permanent –allow progress to more permanent governance structure

11 April 2011 Deep Ocean Observing Strategy (Workshop 3/30/11-4/1/11) High Level Outline for Strategy built on FOO Rationale and science drivers (Climate, Carbon Chemistry, Biodiversity/Ecosystems) The Essential Ocean Variables for the deep ocean Strategy for developing/improving recommendations Strategy for observing: existing, scalable, and potential observing networks and programs; addressing readiness Strategy for data management and policy Strategy to develop information to answer the questions (rationale and science drivers) Priorities [phased implementation] Strategy for integration and development (roll-out of strategy)

12 April 2011 Deep Ocean Observing Strategy Executive committee responsible for monitoring progress Eric Lindstrom (OOPC/FOO) Bob Molinari (WCRP/CLIVAR) Albert Fischer (OOPC) Kathy Tedesco (IOCCP) Bill Westermeyer (GCOS) Myriam Sibuet (post-CoML) Initial Core writing [bold: co-leads] climate [could have sub-organization] Greg Johnson Stephen Riser Bernadette Sloyan Brian King Patrick Heimbach Detlef Stammer sea level: ? circulation: ? [include tracers] carbon/biogeochemistry Rik Wanninkhof Toste Tanhua biogeochemistry, and interface with ecology/biodiversity [US: OCB] carbon capture/storage, sedimentary flows [Peter Haugen] biodiversity and ecosystems contacts developed from Myriam Sibuet Reggie Beach (NOAA ocean exploration)

13 April 2011 Requirement What to Measure Essential Ocean Variables Issues Structure of the Framework Data Assembly Data Products Issues Impact Observations Argo VOS SatelliteConstellation SOOP IOOS Satellite … … … … … … … … … IMOS

14 April 2011 Back-up Slides

15 4 April 2011, Exeter OceanObs’09: calls for action (1)Calls on all nations and governments to fully implement by 2015 the initial physical and carbon global ocean observing system originally envisioned at OceanObs’99, and refined at OceanObs'09. (2) Calls on all nations and governments to commit to the implementation and international coordination of systematic global biogeochemical and biological observations, guided by the outcomes of OceanObs’09, and taking into account regional variations in ecosystems.

16 4 April 2011, Exeter OceanObs’09: calls for action (3) Invites governments and organizations to embrace a framework for planning and moving forward with an enhanced global sustained ocean observing system over the next decade, integrating new physical, biogeochemical, biological observations while sustaining present observations. Recommendations on this Framework, considering how to best take advantage of existing structures, will be developed by an post-Conference working group of limited duration. (4) Urges the ocean observing community to increase our efforts to achieve the needed level of timely data access, sensor readiness and standards, best practices, data management, uncertainty estimates, and integrated data set availability. (5) Asks governments, organizations, and the ocean observing community to increase their efforts in capacity-building and education.

17 17 Working Group terms of reference The WG will consider the outcomes and recommendations from the OceanObs’09 Conference and, in consultation with the international organizations and expert advice, shall: –Recommend a framework for moving global sustained ocean observations forward in the next decade; integrating feasible new biogeochemical, ecosystem, and physical observations while sustaining present observations; considering how best to take advantage of existing structures, –Foster continuing interaction between organizations that contribute towards and are in need of sustained ocean observations, and –Report back to its sponsors late 2010.

18 100% implementation of initial system by 2015, as called for by OceanObs'09. Deep ocean observations to address gap in monitoring of net transports of mass, heat and freshwater. Ocean reference stations - surface flux and transport stations in boundary currents to address gaps in understanding air-sea interactions in mid-latitudes and in regions where high spatial resolution is necessary; and for providing data for assimilating into weather, ocean and climate models and for assessing their products. Biogeochemical observations for carbon uptake and ecosystems - improve knowledge of dissolved oxygen and sea surface salinity - and the eternal note about improved coordination between satellite and in situ observations of key ECVs. Priority for global ocean observing systems

19 April 2011

20 Framework Flow: Requirements

21 Framework Flow: Observations

22 Framework Flow: Data Products

23 January 2011

24 Readiness Levels Requirements Observations Data & Information Framework for Ocean Observing Need for information identified and characteristics determined. Feasibility study of measurement strategy and technology. Measurement validated through peer review, implemented at regional and/or global scales and capable of being sustained. The system is articulated, capability is documented and tested. Proof of concept validated by a basin scale feasibility test. Following validation of observation via peer review of specifications and documentation, system is in place globally and indefinitely. Data model is articulated, expert review of interoperability strategy. Verification of model with actual observational unit. Measurement and sampling strategy verified at sea. Autonomous deployment in an operational environment. Establishment of international governance mechanism, international commitments, and sustaining components. Maintenance and servicing logistics negotiated. Validation of data policy via routinely available and relevant information products. Data management Practices determined and tested for quality and accuracy throughout the system. Creation of draft data policy. LowestReadinessLevel HighestReadinessLevel Mature Pilot Concept

25 January 2011 For Ocean Observing Communities –Focus on variables allows innovation, research, while sustaining the key output of the observing system –Clear path to selling utility of observations to high level, articulation of societal importance –learn from best practices and principles of other observing systems –reduce/remove duplication of measurements –cross-disciplinary synergy: shared platforms, data systems –other data available to set your data in context Benefits of the Framework

26 January 2011 For Scientists –Measure once use many times –Consistent methods and standards –“One-stop-shop” that generates new scientific opportunities For Sponsoring Organizations –Improve the integration among the many independent communities –Maximize cost savings and quality assurance –Enable the development of a wide range of information products –Development of a multi-faceted and interoperable elements –Increased utility of data within and external to the ocean observing community –Facilitates identification of: new opportunities for integration, redundancies, and gaps –Flexible response to future marine and societal issues Benefits of the Framework

27 January 2011 For Society –Core contribution from the science community towards ensuring sustained ocean “services” –Improved response to issues impacting human health and security –Improved response to issues impacting ocean ecosystem health –Generate a strong evidence base for decision making –Focus ocean science community attention toward investments in sustained observing where societal need is the greatest –Assist in the evolution of coordinated prioritization for emerging societal needs Benefits of the Framework

28 Aligning existing organizations to the framework –A central tenet of working group’s discussions was to build on existing structures –needs sustained dialogue and negotiation amongst the sponsors, transition over time –Framework articulates ‘best practices’ of a systematic approach, a theory that needs to be put into practice –now in ‘roll-out’ phase soliciting feedback and input from the sponsors (will come back to this) –Organizations need to articulate the function they would like to play Needs of the framework

29 Education, outreach –culture of decision-making is often distant from scientific knowledge –developing societal understanding of role of oceans in their lives, the ocean-related threats, ecosystem services, and human- generated stresses on the oceans –Formal education and outreach both important Capacity development –Develop local scientific infrastructure to support local decision- making –Can be mainstreamed into development strategy Needs of the framework

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