Two orchestral suites by Handel Water Music 1717 Music for the Royal Fireworks 1749
Water Music, Suite in D major, II Royal party on the Thames River in London, July 17, 1717 22 separate stand-alone pieces –HornpipeHornpipe
First performance April 17, 1717. Daily Courant : the King took Water at Whitehall in an open Barge... and went up the [Thames] River towards Chelsea. Many other Barges with Persons of Quality attended, and so great a Number of Boats, that the whole River in a manner was cover'd; a City Company's Barge was employ'd for the Musick, wherein were 50 instruments of all sorts, who play'd all the Way from Lambeth the finest Symphonies, compos'd express for this Occasion, by Mr. Hendel; which his Majesty liked so well, that he caus'd it to be plaid over three times in going and returning. At Eleven his Majesty went a- shore at Chelsea where a Supper was prepar'd, and then there was another very fine Consort of Musick, which lasted till 2; after which, his Majesty came again into his Barge, and return'd the same Way, the Musick continuing to play till he landed.
Oratorio and Opera Similarities Overture Aria –Da capo aria Recitative Ensemble numbers: – Duet, Trio, Quartet, etc. Chorus
Oratorio and Opera Differences Language –Italian vs. English Staging Subject matter –Libretto (Librettist) –Sacred vs. Sacred Text
Baroque Oratorio Oratorio –Performed by solo voices Soprano Alto Tenor Bass (or, Baritone) –Large chorus (SATB) –orchestra –no staging or costumes
Handel: Messiah Premiered in Dublin in 1742 Written in 24 days Libretto: in three separate parts Compilation of Old and New Testament text
Aria vs. Recitative Recitative –Text is centered on the plot –Simple to sing –No melody or rhythmic complexities –Chords accompanied on the harpischord Aria –Text is about the character’s feelings –Highly difficult music requires vocal technique –Memorable tunes –Full orchestral accompaniment
Recitative from Theodora Lorraine Hunt Lieberson Ah! Whither should we fly, or fly from whom? The Lord is still the same, today, for ever, And his protection here, and everywhere. Though gath'ring round our destin'd heads The storm now thickens, and looks big with fate, Still shall thy servants wait on Thee, O Lord, And in thy saving mercy put their trust.