The 1995-2000 interprefectural migration of foreign residents of Japan: salient features and multivariate explanation Yoshitaka Ishikawa (Kyoto University,
Published byModified over 5 years ago
Presentation on theme: "The 1995-2000 interprefectural migration of foreign residents of Japan: salient features and multivariate explanation Yoshitaka Ishikawa (Kyoto University,"— Presentation transcript:
1 The interprefectural migration of foreign residents of Japan: salient features and multivariate explanationYoshitaka Ishikawa (Kyoto University, Japan)andKao-Lee Liaw (McMaster University, Canada)The 4th International Conference on Population Geographiesat Hong Kong, China, on 12 July, 2007
2 Existing literature focused on foreign residents in Japan ◆There has been a proliferation of research since the mid-1980s, when massive immigration started.◆ Foreigner rate is low (1.6%）, but absolute number is large (approximately 2 million).◆It is now an important research subject of all social sciences including geography.
3 Difficulty in studying migration of foreign residents in Japan ◆ No comprehensive source; general migration patterns have remained unknown.◆ Published Reports of 2000 Census 1) specific origins are unknown both for immigration and internal migration 2) detailed migrants’ attributes are unknown ⇒special application to Japanese Statistics Bureau to obtain micro data samples
4 Three perspectives to explain destination choice
5 Comparison of interprefectural migration between foreign residents and total population Groupings of PrefecturesNet-migrationRate(Persons)( % )The Three Largest Metropolitan Areas-570-0.10164,9120.28Tokyo Area3540.14235,7430.74Nagoya Area1,8482.1321,8930.21Osaka Area-2,772-1.15-92,724-0.53Metropolitan Fringes6001.2132,2800.41Manufacturing Stronghold1,8944.45-10,552-0.16Tohoku Region-372-2.44-41,423-0.44Rest of Japan-1,552-1.52-145,217-0.39
6 Net-migration rate of Japanese interprefectural migration, 1995-2000
7 Major foreign residents in Japan (2000) Census Alien registrationethnicity 1,310, ,686,444(1.03%) (1.33%)Korean , ,269Chinese , ,575Brazil , ,394Filipino , ,871Others , ,335
10 Nested logit model ⇒sample size: 69,308 persons Departure sub-model: ⇒ dependent variable: choice probability of stay in, or departure from, the prefecture of usual residence in 1995⇒sample size: 69,308 persons Destination choice sub-model :⇒ dependent variable: choice probability of a particular destination among 46 prefectures⇒ sample size: 42,301 persons
11 Explanatory variables Individual attributes <De, DC> : age, educational attainment, sex, ethnicity, family statusLabour market related <De, DC> : employment opportunity, income level Co-ethnic attraction <De, DC>Marital opportunity : <De, DC>Prefectural size <De, DC>Competition with new immigrants <De, DC>Spatial separation <DC>: distance, contiguityInclusive variable <De>
12 Why is international marriage in Tohoku region important? ● The stem family system is dominant in such region as Tohoku. To maintain this system, marriage is essential for household head’s son as successor.●Due to imbalanced sex ratio, the issue of marriage squeeze for male population is serious in eastern half of Japan.⇒Tohoku has both the first and second conditions. Unless household head’s son find Japanese new bride, he tends to look for his bride with foreign nationality.
15 Application result of destination choice submodel
16 ConclusionMajor destinations: Nagoya metropolitan area, manufacturing stronghold (not Tokyo metropolitan area)Highly mobile persons: Brazilian, graduates from universityApplication result of nested logit model<departure sub-model> ethnicity, age, educational attainment, competition with new immigrants, co-ethnic attraction<destination choice sub-model> spatial separation, prefectural size, employment opportunity, co-ethnic attraction
17 Implications of the findings Comparison of explanatory power of international marraige between new immigration and interprefectural migration: Role of international marriage in the former is larger than that in the latter.Comparison of migration pattern between foreigner and Japanese: Net inflow to Tokyo metropolitan area for Japanese is much larger than that for foreigner.⇒Interprefectural migration by foreign residents has contributed to a reduction of “monopolar concentration in Tokyo”.⇒”hollowization” of manufacturing employment opportunity may lead to an intensification of “monopolar concentration in Tokyo”.