Presentation on theme: "Psychoanalytic Approaches to Literature"— Presentation transcript:
1 Psychoanalytic Approaches to Literature Structure of the Mind, Child Development & Oedipus ComplexDream and Sexual SymbolsPsychological Diseases
2 Psychological problems Undue repression of our desiresConflict in our psyche between ego and idDefense MechanismsBreakup:PsychosisNeurosis-- symptoms whichat once protect againstthe unconscious desireand covertly express it.e.g. compulsive smoking
3 Neuroses1. as a Disorder: Neuroses are characterized by such symptoms as anxiety, insecurity, depression, and unreasonable fears. Neurotic disorders seldom disable a person totally. Individuals who have a neurotic disorder recognize the symptoms as unacceptable and strange.2.as a psychological mechanism: the process begins with an unconscious conflict between opposing desires or between a desire and a prohibition.
4 PsychosisThe link between the ego and the external world is ruptured, and the unconscious begins to build up an alternative, delusional reality
5 Problems caused in different stages: Fixation & regression A. Orals - have problems with dependency needsB. Anals - have problems with aggression - either overcontrol or undercontrol.C. Phallics - have problems with sex & sexual identity
6 Possible applications of Psychoanalysis journey to the unconscious: studying the unconscious motives of the author, or the characters.Oedipus complex, Oedipus drama in a familyDream analysis or analysis of sexual symbolsDefense mechanisms, or psychological diseases