Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

XP 1 Working with JavaScript Creating a Programmable Web Page for North Pole Novelties Tutorial 10.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "XP 1 Working with JavaScript Creating a Programmable Web Page for North Pole Novelties Tutorial 10."— Presentation transcript:

1 XP 1 Working with JavaScript Creating a Programmable Web Page for North Pole Novelties Tutorial 10

2 XP 2 Introduction to JavaScript Server-side Programs pose problems Client-side Programs were developed to run programs and scripts on the client side of a Web browser

3 XP 3 The Development of JavaScript JavaScript is a subset of Java Differences between Java and JavaScript: Java is a compiled language JavaScript is an interpreted language

4 XP 4 Comparing Java and JavaScript

5 XP 5 The Development of JavaScript Jscript is a version of JavaScript supported by Internet Explorer The European Computer Manufacturers Association (ECMA) develops scripting standards The standard is called ECMAScript but browsers still generally call is JavaScript

6 XP 6 Inserting JavaScript into a Web Page File Outline the main tasks you want the program to perform first A JavaScript program can either be placed directly in a Web page file or saved in an external text file

7 XP 7 Inserting JavaScript into a Web Page File Insert a client-side script in a Web page when using the script element - placed anywhere - some prefer head section others body section Comments are useful for hiding scripts from older browsers Specify alternative content using the nonscript element for browsers that don’t support scripts (or have their script support disabled)

8 XP 8 Writing Output to the Web Page An object-oriented programming language writes the output by manipulating tasks An action you perform on an object is called a method

9 XP 9 Writing Output to the Web Page To write text to a Web page, use the following JavaScript commands: document.write(“text”); or document.writeln(“text”)’ Where text is the content to be written to the page. The doucment.write() and document.writeln() methods are identical, except that the document.writeln() method preserves any line breaks in the text string - only with the pre element.

10 XP 10 Working with Variables and Data A variable is a named item in a program that stores information - use somewhere else - can change Variable names have restrictions and are case- sensitive

11 XP 11 Working with Variables and Data JavaScript variable types: Numeric variables - 13, 22.5, -7 String variables - “hello” Boolean variables - T or F Null variables - no value You must declare a variable before using it Var command - at beginning of program with comments

12 XP 12 Declaring a JavaScript Variable You can declare variables with any of the following JavaScript commands: var variable; var variable = value; variable = value; Where variable is the name of the variable and value is the initial value of the variable. The first command creates the variable without assigning it a value; the second and third commands both create the variable and assign it a value.

13 XP 13 Working with Dates To store information about date - create a date object Retrieving the day value - form that is useful - stored as milliseconds - can be used in numerical calculations Use built in java date methods getDate() method Retrieving the month value Retrieving the year value

14 XP 14 Working with Dates Create a date object to store date information Date Methods

15 XP 15 Working with Expressions and Operators Expressions are JavaScript commands that assign values and variables Operators are elements that perform actions within expressions Arithmetic operators: perform simple mathematical calculations Binary operators: work on two elements in an expression Unary operators: work on only one variable Increment operators: can be used to increase the value of a variable by 1 Assignment operators: used to assign values in expressions

16 XP 16 Working with Expressions and Operators The Math object is a JavaScript object used for calculations other than simple math

17 XP 17 Creating JavaScript Functions A function is a series of commands that perform an action or calculates a value A function name identifies a function Parameters are values used by the function

18 XP 18 Creating JavaScript Functions A group of commands set off by curly braces is called a command block. Command blocks exist for other JavaScript structures in addition to functions.

19 XP 19 Working with Conditional Statements Conditional statements are commands that run only when specific conditions are met Conditional statements require a Boolean expression you need one of the following operators to create a Boolean expression: Comparison operator Logical operator Conditional operator

20 XP 20 Using Arrays An array is an ordered collection of values referenced by a single variable name var variable = new Array (size); Where variable is the name of the array variable and size is the number of elements in the array

21 XP 21 Working with Program Loops A program loop is a set of instructions that is executed repeatedly Use program loops to configure a group of commands to be executed a set number of times The loop uses a counter to track the number of times the command block has been run

22 XP 22 Working with Program Loops Creating a For loop

23 XP 23 Working with Program Loops Nesting a For loop

24 XP 24 Working with Program Loops Creating a While loop

25 XP 25 Working with Program Loops Nesting a While loop

26 XP 26 Debugging Your JavaScript Programs Three types of errors: Load-time errors (occurs when the script is loading) Run-time errors (occurs when the being executed) Logical errors (free from syntax and structural mistakes, but result in incorrect results)

27 XP 27 Common Mistakes You need to debug your program to fix the mistakes Common mistakes include: Misspelling a variable name Mismatched parentheses or braces Mismatched quotes Missing quotes Using ( instead of [ Using = in place of ==

28 XP 28 Debugging Tools and Techniques To avoid making mistakes and quickly located those you do make: Write modular code Use the Microsoft Script Debugger to debug (for use with Internet Explorer) Use the Netscape JavaScript Console to debug (for use with Netscape)

29 XP 29 Tips for Writing Good JavaScript Code Use good layout to make your code more readable. Indent command blocks to make them easier to read and to set them off from other code Use descriptive variable names to indicate the purpose of your variables Be careful how you use uppercase and lowercase letters in your code, because JavaScript commands and names are case-sensitive

30 XP 30 Tips for Writing Good JavaScript Code Add comments to your code to document the purpose of each script Initialize all variables at the top of your script and insert comments describing the purpose and nature of your variables Create customized functions that can be reused in different scripts. Place your customized functions in external files to make them available to your entire Web site

Download ppt "XP 1 Working with JavaScript Creating a Programmable Web Page for North Pole Novelties Tutorial 10."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google