Signals Generated from Sensor Shadows are caused by the moving sun on the dual panel photo sensor.
Amplifying the Differential Signal The two signals from the dual cell photo sensor will be sent to a differential amplifier.
Power Monitoring Both Power in and Power out will be monitored
Microcontroller Programming Micro-Controller –Inputs: Analog signal 0-5v from solar cell amplification circuit Limit Switches –Outputs: PWM motor signal Multiple signals for H Bridge Control –Microchip Development Microchip PIC chip –Uses assembly language or C for programming Solar Cell Differential Signal Motor Controller DC Motor Power
Control Strategies Problem: Correct error from solar cell: –Threshold Control System As the error breaks a set “Threshold” for error the microcontroller sends the signal to move the motor to correct. This is simple and allows the system to be in a energy efficient sleep mode. This is our feedback loop. –Limit Control Limit the maximum amount the motor can rotate so that there is no mechanical damage. Solar Cell Differential Signal Motor Controller DC Motor Power
PWM to Software H Bridge Receives a Pulse Width Modulated signal from microcontroller PWM Signal controls two transistors. Two other transistors are either “on” or “off” allowing for a directional change
H Bridge Receives Voltages and Control Signals Control Signals energize motor to turn in appropriate direction And at correct speed
HMI – Human Machine Interface LCD –Menus Manual Mode –Right / Left Move Auto Mode –System automatically tracks the sun Power Management –Power used by electronics circuit –Power produced by solar cells –Power signals are produced from 2 voltage and 2 current signals. –When the circuit
HMI – Human Machine Interface LCD –Control 4 bit data and 3 bit control Keypad –Standard Row / Column 8 bit interface –Keypad enables the user to control system