Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1
Lesson #15 The Normal Distribution

2
For a truly continuous random variable, P(X = c) = 0 for any value, c. Thus, we define probabilities only on intervals. P(X < a) P(X > b) P(a < X < b)

3
f(x) is the probability density function, pdf. This gives the height of the “frequency curve”. Probabilities are areas under the frequency curve!

4
f(x) is the probability density function, pdf. This gives the height of the “frequency curve”. Probabilities are areas under the frequency curve! Remember this!!!

5
a b P(X < a) P(a < X < b) P(X > b) P(X < a) = P(X < a) = F(a) x f(x) P(X > b) = 1 - P(X < b) = 1 - F(b) P(a < X < b) = P(X < b) - P(X < a) = F(b) - F(a)

6
If X follows a Normal distribution, with parameters and 2, we use the notation X ~ N( , 2 ) E(X) = Var(X) = 2

7

8
A standard Normal distribution is one where = 0 and 2 = 1. This is denoted by Z Z ~ N( ) -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3

9
Table A.3 in the textbook gives upper-tail probabilities for a standard Normal distribution, and only for positive values of Z. -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 P(Z > 1)

10
Table C in the notebook gives cumulative probabilities, F(x), for a standard Normal distribution, for –3.89 < Z < 3.89. -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 P(Z < -1)

11
P(Z < 1.27) -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 1.27=.8980

12
P(Z < -0.43) -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 -0.43=.3336 0.43= P(Z > 0.43)

13
P(Z > -0.22) -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 -0.22 = 1 – P(Z < -0.22) = 1 –.4129 =.5871

14
P(-1.32 < Z < 0.16) -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 -1.32 =.5636 –.0934 =.4702 = P(Z < 0.16) - P(Z < -1.32) 0.16

15
Find c, so that P(Z < c) =.0505 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3.0505 c c = -1.64

16
Find c, so that P(Z < c) .9 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3.9 c c 1.28

17
Find c, so that P(Z > c) =.166 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3.166 c c = 0.97 P(Z < c) = 1 -.166 =.834.834

18
Z P is the point along the N(0,1) distribution that has cumulative probability p. -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 p ZPZP Z.0505 = -1.64 Z.9 1.28 Z.975 = 1.96

Similar presentations

© 2021 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google