Presentation on theme: "Systems Teaching and Research at the University of South Australia"— Presentation transcript:
1 Systems Teaching and Research at the University of South Australia Systems Engineering and Evaluation CentreUniversity of South AustraliaProf Stephen CookSystems Engineering and Evaluation Centre (SEEC)University of South Australia
2 Outline The Australian postgraduate educational scene About UniSA The Australian education system and prevailing environmentSEECA new course on systems approaches to large-scale problem solvingSummary
3 The Australian Postgraduate Educational Scene Mass university education (30%)Australia has modest R&D base hence modest demand for postgraduate qualificationsManagement postgraduate qualifications (MBA) generally more attractive than technical onesException is government research laboratories where a PhD is mandatory to rise to senior positions
4 About UniSA Formed in 1990 from the merger of SA Institute of TechnologySA College of Advanced EducationSA College of Art and DesignOne of three universities in Adelaide and the largest ~ 30,000 studentsOnly one active in Systems Engineering in SAFocussed oneducating professionalsworking with industryserving the communityPostgraduates15% of loadLarge numbers of overseas students
5 Location: Adelaide and Whyalla South Australia State population 1.5 million, 1.0 million of whom live in the capital AdelaideUniversity of SA
6 A Long Way from the Nearest Large City (750 km) Most students go to university in their own city so the range of programs taught is very broadUniversity of SA
7 The Australian Educational System - Undergraduate Follows the Scottish modelMany degrees, BA, BSc, etc are three years; most students leave university at this levelOnly selected students with better than Credit average are permitted to study for an extra year to gain honours, BSc(hons), etcEngineering is a minimum four year degree and honours comprises additional workload in final year for selected studentsGovernment employers keen on honours, industry ambivalent
8 The Australian Educational System - Postgraduate Grad Cert (6 months coursework), GradDip (12 months)Masters degrees come in two types:Coursework with 20-66% research component ~1.5 yearsResearch-only 2 yearsEntry to masters: 4-year degree (at honours level or equivalent);PhDs in Australia follow the UK traditionNominally 3 years, average 4.5 yearsLow number of eligible PhD studentsEntry requirements:First class or upper division second class honoursMasters
9 Economic Environment Undergraduate Postgraduate coursework No up-front fees for studentsHigher Education Contribution Scheme debt of around $5000 per year, plus interestPostgraduate courseworkNow generally attract full fees ($15 - $20k)Exception is where a masters is a base qualification to practise a professionResearch degreesAttract no fees and HECS scholarships are the normHigh achievers can also win living allowance scholarships for research degrees ($16-21k tax free)Reductions in government funding over the last decade reduces scope for strategic initiatives
10 Impact on Postgraduate Coursework Recent introduction of full fees for postgraduate coursework has killed demandSmall postgraduate numbers in the technical areasTraditional coursework higher degrees financially unsustainable - many terminatedResearch degrees becoming predominant
11 On a More Positive NoteAustralian Department of Defence has stated that it aims to have all senior officers educated to masters levelStill some demand for coursework degrees: particularly in industry where research degrees are not seen as relevantLarger companies and government are prepared to sponsor selected studentsThe Defence Science and Technology Organisation and BAE SYSTEMS are beginning to sponsor postgraduate programs
12 A Few Words About the Systems Engineering and Evaluation Centre
13 What is SEEC?One of 17 Supported Research Centres within the University of South Australia.Focuses on research and education in:the creation and evaluation of large, engineered systemsthe organisations that undertake this function.
14 SEEC Mission Statement To provide a national and international focus for collaborative research, investigative projects and education programs that address the design, creation, evolution and evaluation of complex, systems.
15 What SEEC Core Activities Education in Systems Thinking, Systems Engineering and Test and EvaluationCost-effective, collaborative research between industry and the universityTraining: public and in-house coursesProvision of informed advice throughconsultanciescontract researchbrokering international knowledge and experts
16 History Centre 1999 1996 1992 1989 Systems Engineering and Evaluation AustralianCentre forTest and EvaluationSensor Science &Engineering GroupMeasurement &InstrumentationSystems CentreSystemsEngineeringandEvaluationCentreExternal supportARDUARCIndustryDSTOGovernment organisationsOverseas
17 Where We Focus Layer 5 Socio-Economic Level Layer 4 Supply Chain Level Layer 3 Business LevelSEEC’s FocusLayer 2 System LevelLayer 1 Product Level
18 Staff Prof Stephen Cook – DSTO Professor of Systems Engineering SEEC %1.00.40.60.20.1Prof Stephen Cook – DSTO Professor of Systems EngineeringA/Prof Joe Kasser – DSTO Research ProfessorA/Prof Piet Beukman – (coming Jan 2002)Mr Les Vencel – Principal ConsultantMr David Harris – Business Man & Senior Research FellowMr Michael Harris – Research and Project ManagerDr Sarim AL-Zubaidy – Senior Research FellowDr Noel Sproles – Senior Research FellowDr David Cropley – Senior LecturerDr Tim Ferris – Senior LecturerDr Jill Slay – Senior LecturerMr Reuven Greenberg – Visiting Senior Research FellowMr Anthony Pilgrim – Associate LecturerMr William Scott – Research AssociateMr Paul Bunnik – Research EngineerMrs Lyn Bussenschutt – Office ManagerMiss Mel Madex – Administrative Officer
19 Adjunct Staff and Associates Prof Peter Sydenham – Professor of Systems EvaluationProf Scot AllisonProf John AndersenProf Garth MorganMr Ron HowardA/Prof Martin BurkeDr Robert GoodwinMr Angus MassieDr Les DohertyMr Errol LawsonMr Bob TaylorMr Erik SherwinMr Viv Crouch
20 SEEC is Significant 15 Academic staff 60 post-graduate students plus 13 adjuncts60 post-graduate students14 PhD, 8 MEng(res)40 MEng (c/w)Around $A1.5 million pa external incomeClose operating links with DefenceDSTODept of DefenceDefence companies
21 SEEC has a Broader Base than A Typical SE School “Typical” SE Centre Focuses onPost-graduate educationMain client base is Defence/AerospaceTargets mid-level practitionersTeaches methodologies used by clientsBuilt around standards (IEEE 1220, EIA 632 etc)Aims to produce graduates immediately useful to clientsMinimal research
22 SEEC Covers All of That and More... Major focus on ResearchHistorically over half p/g awards are by researchPrimary Research focus on Enterprise-level systemsPrimarily, social (“soft”) systemsFocused at highest levelForce developmentDefence acquisition system
23 and More...Strong research into socio-technical systems which create systemsSupport methods for dispersed SE teamsIntelligent support for requirements generationOn-line, intelligent repositories for corporate SE dataEnvironments for force level SE
24 and More... New research focus on socio-technical systems per se Aviation Systems SafetyGeneralisation into creation of “super-safe” socio-technical systems
25 So SEEC is different SEEC carries out research in Large, social systems which acquire and use engineering systemsOperation of systems which integrate people and technologySupport tools for the socio-technical systems which create engineering systemsSystems evaluation methodologies
27 Research Topics in Systems Engineering Systems Engineering EducationEngineering methodologies for the acquisition and management of Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrator FacilitiesTailoring systems engineering models and methods for light research satellitesAn enhanced systems engineering approach to sensor designThe integration of COTS software into large research software systems environmentA systems approach to audio engineeringMaintenance database research and life-cycle costing prediction.
28 Research Topics in Industrial Systems Engineering Tools and Practice Tool integration for dispersed systems engineering design teamsIncreasing the effectiveness of distributed systems engineering design teamsSoftware Metrics - A tool for improving the software development processThe use of High-Level Architecture Simulators in Combat Systems EngineeringAI tools for Requirements Elicitation and ManagementThe Development of a Capability Maturing Model (CMM) Assessment Tool.
29 Research Topics in Enterprise-Level Systems Systems approach to Defence strategic planningSystems approach to Defence capability developmentAction research within the Australian soldier combat system enhancement studySystems engineering process improvement for an acquisition organisationAchieving systemic information operations for Australian defenceSystems approach to Force Structure determinationMethods for the analysis of enterprise-level systems architecturesThe benefits of applying systems engineering to Defence acquisition.
30 Research Topics in Systems Test and Evaluation Test and Evaluation policies and processes for the Australian Defence Organisation.Traceability & cognition of test and evaluation process documents.Structured determination of measures of effectiveness.Software aid for automotive testing and evaluation.Operational T&E practices for the Royal Australian Air Force.Climatology measurements through GPS occultation.Optimal generation of telemetry frame formats for aircraft testing.Correcting delay distortion in asynchronously sampled flight test telemetry signals.
31 Research Topics in Air Transport Safety Analysis of accident and incident dataModelling of the air transport enterpriseModelling of the piloting system for commercial aircraftBuilding knowledge resources in this fieldVerify modelling through interaction with stakeholders
32 A New Course in Systems Approaches to Large-scale Problem Solving
33 The DSTO Continuing Education Initiative (1) DSTO typically recruits50% PhDs50% Honours graduatesThe current environment has led to a 20:80 mixStaff are more mobile and leave to burgeoning IT sectorCustomers are very highly qualifiedStated aim is to encourage all staff to obtain an advanced master’s degree which must containSystems engineering for complex problem solvingResearch methods in a multidisciplinary environment
34 The DSTO Continuing Education Initiative (2) Several streams will be offered initially, egScience (chemistry, physics, materials)TelecommunicationsSystems engineeringMathematicsHuman sciencesOperations AnalysisDSTO pay all fees
35 Example SE Syllabus Group A (Mandatory Core Subjects – Grad Cert) Systems Engineering for Complex Problem Solving (SECPS)Systems Engineering ManagementSystems Engineering Analysis 1Systems Engineering Practice 1Group B (Core for Grad Dip, MEng)Research Methods in a Multidisciplinary EnvironmentPrinciples of Test and EvaluationElectives (Select 2)Management of Small Systems Engineering Design TeamsAdvanced Test and EvaluationModelling and Simulation for Systems EngineeringSystems Engineering for Mobile CommunicationsRequirements EngineeringSystems Engineering Practice 2Systems Engineering Analysis 2Soft Systems MethodologyMinor Thesis
36 SECPS Evolved from Principles of Systems Engineering to: Introduce systems concepts to professional staff across the organisation at all levels of experience.Cover systems practice from equipment development through to organisational interventions.Challenge the hard science installed culture of the client organisation.Be suitable for graduates of all disciplines.Be acceptable to university departments around Australia as a component of advanced master’s programs in disciplines such as mathematics, physics, information technology, and operational analysis.
37 Course Design Philosophy Introduce systems concepts via systems thinking.Show that systems thinking can provide valuable insight into complex entities of many types.Show there is a range of systems methodologies available to cover a range of systems problems.Introduce traditional Systems Engineering, the most prevalent of these.Develop some systems engineering skills and understanding through tutorial work and a major assignment.Promote deep learning and functional knowledge through a combination of declarative, procedural and conditional knowledge.
39 Feedback To Date Taught class of 40 in Adelaide and 10 in Melbourne Age 21 – 60+Technical Officers to Senior Research ScientistsGenerally liked the course, the more senior people really appreciated the theory-based approach (F, M and A)Awaiting assignments
40 Personal InsightsWriting this course has broadened my understanding considerablyAfter nearly six years I am beginning to piece together a systems thinking framework that can underpin both engineering and management systems approachesSystems approaches can also be characterised by their persistence in the problem domain.mainstream management methodologyinterventionStill have some way to go to fully appreciate the field and SEEC would be pleased to work with the international research community on systems thinking and practice research