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Socio-economic development of a metropolis and its statistical service Policy-making advancing the metropolitan region and requested information support Case: The Helsinki Region in Finland International Forum on Metropolitan Statistics – Beijing 2008 Information Manager Leila Lankinen, City of Helsinki Urban Facts
Content: Introduction Joining forces and new voluntary co-operation in the Helsinki Region National Level Urban Policy and Metropolitan Policy Advancing the Helsinki Metropolitan Region requests urban research, urban statistics and proactive information support What are the information needs of metropolitan policy?
Key features for Helsinki region : Population 2008 –1.3 million – 25 percent of the whole country –Prognoses for 2020 1.5 million Jobs and enterprises 2005 –670 000 jobs – 29 percent of the whole country –Employment rate 75 percent Gross domestic product 2006 –GVA per capita 42 500 euros in Helsinki region, 30000 in Finland Investments in research and development 2006 –R&D investments 4.3% of GVA in Helsinki region, 3.4% in Finland –41% of the whole country Students and schools –10 polytechnics and 4 universities – about 100 000 students People with foreign background – 6 percent
Urbanization and Metropolitan Policy Late urbanization and industrialization –Competitive region needs critical mass –Helsinki region grew as a consequence of domestic and international migration Metropolitan policy starts as voluntary co-operation –City majors central role –Shared view of region’s challenges and shared goal to promote area’s development –Helsinki Metropolitan Area Advisory board – 4 municipalities –Helsinki Region Co-operation Assembly year 2005 – 14 municipalities –Co-operation with Finnish state
Common vision The Helsinki Metropolitan Area is a dynamic world- class centre for business and innovation. Its high quality services, arts, creativity and adaptability promote the prosperity of its citizens and bring benefits to all of Finland. The Metropolitan Area is being developed as a unified region close to nature where it is good to live, learn, work and do business.”
Strategic Goals and strategies Joint measures to develop welfare and services Improving competitiveness Joint strategy for welfare services and developing service processes Steering joint service organizations Innovation strategy Regional business development International business marketing Availability of skilled workforce Developing the urban structure and housing Joint land-use strategy Efficient transport system Accountability in housing policies SHARED PRINCIPLES SUPPORTING STRATEGIES
National level urban policy: Polycentric development Metropolisation In the 1990’s the idea of ”cities as engines of growth” became a guiding principle in urban policy Comparatively strong social cohesion ”Opportunity oriented” urban policy Polycentric approach and succeeding regional centres Innovation creation a strong emphasis Efficient mutual co-operation between R&D institutions, companies and public actors
Urban development policy is guidelined by Government Programme (2007) –Major cities, metropolitan region Decision on regional development targets (2007) Policy for major urban regions –Not legally binding policy document Latest development in the Finnish innovation scene Ministry of Employment and the Economy merges together three departments relevant to innovation A renewed Centres of Expertise Programme has been started National Innovation Strategy ”Innovation university” in the Helsinki metropolitan area
Four main strategic targets for the policy in the metropolitan region: Improving land use, housing and traffic Advance international competitiveness Advance multiculturalism, immigration and bilingualism Advance social cohesion Co-operation and networking Cities, universities and polytechnics, central government Joint agreement A research programme with a set of support actions
Information needs – urban research a driving force of the metropolitan region The international competitiveness –to understand the state of metropolis –defining of the concept to be able to measure metropolis’ achievements –from European comparisons to global level Measuring social cohesion –long regional traditions and good level of statistics and study results –no harmonized data for international comparisons –perceptions of well being
Culture and multiculturalism –two official languages –increasing multiculturalism in metropolitan region –cultural offerings – region’s attraction Information on land use, housing and energy –climate change –the transformation of urban structure –GIS Challenges –up-to-date information – analyses –present state and future perspectives –diversity
The Greater Helsinki Vision 2050 –International Ideas Competition started year 2007 –Open international planning competition Winners 1.Emerald 2.Boundary Strips Towads City Holistic Uniqueness All prized entries are available for commenting and re-developing http://www.greaterhelsinkivision.fi/ http://www.greaterhelsinkivision.fi/ –Residents of the regions 14 municipalities have an unique opportunity to contribute to the development of their own living area. The comments will be included in the process, in which a new vision is created.
Thank you for your attention!
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