Why? Very high youth unemployment Upcoming lack of qualified workforce Political proposals: - apprentice fixed term employment - decreasing of minimum wages
Agreement on Job introduction To make it easier for young people to enter into the labour market the social partners have agreed on an introduction period called Job introduction. The aim is to stimulate the companies to offer special job introduction employment to young people to make it easier for them to work and develope in their work life.
Agreement on Job introduction Local agreement Young people under 25 years of age Fixed term employment up to12 months. If needed extra 12 months. Needs the trade union approval.
Agreement on Job introduction Mentor and an individuell development plan - work - education - introduction
Agreement on Job introduction Lowest wage 75 per cent of the minimun wage in the collective agreement A open-ended employment after the introduction period Can keep the right to job introduction even if other employees are dismissed because of economic reasons.
IF METALL and UNIONEN, Sweden Agreements on re-employment instead of use of Temporary Agencies
Agreements on re-employment instead of use of TAW BEFORE Right to re-employment if the employer wants to employ someone within 9 month after the termination of another person´s employment because of economic reasons No such right if the employer chooses to use TAW instead Fundamental right for the employer to take that kind of decisions
Agreements on re- employment instead of use of TAW IF METALL During 6 month period (first part of the 9 month period) stronger right = Re- employment instead of TAW UNIONEN Right to negotiations for the trade union if the employer wants to use TAW instead of re-employment
CO-industri, Denmark CO-industri’s actions and results on the European Common Demands
CO-industri Collective bargaining round 2007 An agreement was made, giving employees with at least 9 months of employment, the right to 2 weeks of leave every year for education and training purposes that they themselves choose.
CO-industri Collective bargaining round 2007 85 per cent wage compensation, financed primarily by the employers. The agreement does not substitute the existing right for courses and qualification necessary to perform ones existing job.
CO-industri - Fight against atypical and precarious employment Already 1995 Collective Agreement gave TAW the same rights as employees on open-ended contracts.
CO-industri - Fight against atypical and precarious employment 2010 advancing pension contribution for new employees from at least 9 months employment to at least 2 months. Gives more TAW the possibility to pension rights
Fellesforbundet, Norway Generally binding agreement The shipyard case -Prosperous shipyard industry -Lack of workers -Lot of posted workers and TAW, up to 80 per cent of the workforce -Difficulties in organizing
Fellesforbundet Information Organizing Access for shop stewards to information about wages and working conditions
Fellesforbundet Generally binding agreement Still cases of social dumping Already existing law on generally binding agreements, but it had never been used – Prove social dumping – Decision on generally binding agreement in shipyard industry, – BUT………
Fellesforbundet Generally binding agreement Nine shipyards went to court, lost the case, but Appealed to the next instance And now the EFTA court……. Why to court? – No social dumping? – Working time regulations in the agreement better than minimum rules?
Fellesforbundet Temporary Agency Workers More than 2 000 TA 50 per cent of the workforce in many shipyards Shop stewards have the right to control wages and working conditions for TAW Generally binding agreements The main contractor has responsibility for paying the wages etc if that is not done by the employer
Fellesforbundet Temporary Agency Workers Organizes 5 000 TAW Principal agreement until the implementation of the directive A special collective agreement for TAW, but the work conditions shall follow the workplace