Presentation on theme: "Suffering for Suffrage"— Presentation transcript:
1 Suffering for Suffrage 1848-1919 A brief outline of the struggle for the right to voteBy Scott Marsden with help from Nancy Case
2 Introduction Activities Students in pairsJournal: Who are the important women in your life? What do they do that makes them important?Report out to one another and then share answers and write on board.Describe a time when women were treated unfairly in our society. Who can give me examples?Write on board—students copy examples in notebook.
3 Transition to Through Activity Personal example: my mom and high school counselorSolicit reactions to mom’s storyWhile passing out materials (level-like study guides) say, “Now we are going to take a look at how women fought for equality in our country.”
5 Sheltering Strategies L1 and L2: give an outline of presentation with almost all text. Some words left blank. Cloze activity—fill in blanks with some words. Draw/sketch pictures.L3 and L4: Take notes.All ELL/mainstream students: Write captions to pictures.
6 Women’s Rights Convention Seneca Falls -1848 Organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia MottSought better divorce laws, education, property rightsSplit over women voting-considered too radical“Declaration of Rights and Sentiments” modeled on Declaration of IndependenceLucretia Mott(Library of Congress)
7 Division in Women’s Movement over 14th and 15th Amendments Split between abolitionists and suffrage advocates over 14th and 15th Amendments14th Amendment (1868) - Citizen defined as male, not female.15th Amendment (1870) - Gave vote to African-American men, but not to women.Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony thought that women should take priority over former slaves
8 Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony vs. Frederick Douglass (Maryland State Archives)Elizabeth Cady StantonAnd Susan B. Anthony(Library of Congress)
9 Rival Groups FormedAmerican Women’s Suffrage Association founded by Lucy StoneAWSA more conservative - supported 14th and 15th AmendmentsNational Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) founded by Anthony and StantonNWSA more radical - wanted universal suffrage (16th Amendment)Lucy Stone(Library of Congress)Why did Anthony and Stanton not want to give the vote to African-American males? Were they justified?Susan B. Anthony(Library of Congress)
10 1872 – The Great Vote-InGreat Vote-In (Anthony, Sojourner Truth, others) tried to vote in Presidential Election.Sojourner Truth was turned away.Arrest and trial of Susan B. Anthony“Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God” -AnthonySojourner TruthLibrary of Congress
11 National Association of Colored Women NACW Formed In 1896 Mary Church TerrellIda B. Wells-BarnettHarriet TubmanMargaret Murry WashingtonFanny Jackson CoppinCharlotte Forten GrimkeIda B. Wells(Library of Congress)Mary Church Terrell(Library of Congress)
12 “Apotheosis of Suffrage” - 1896 Apotheosis = making into a godWhy is George Washington wearing a skirt?What point is the artist making about the suffrage movement?George Yost Coffin (Library of Congress)
13 Suffrage Parade New York City - May 12, 1912 (Library of Congress)
14 Alice PaulEmployed radical tactics she learned from Emmeline Pankhurst in BritainHunger strikes, picketing, chaining themselves to buildingsOrganized 6-days a week demonstrations in front of White House in 1917, leading to arrestsHundreds arrested and thrown in prison“Iron-Jawed Angels” force-fed in prison(Library of Congress)
15 Pretend you are one of these women. “Mr. President, How Long Must Women Wait for Liberty?” (1917) Library of CongressPretend you are one of these women.Write a quick journal entry about how you feel.
16 19th Amendment and Beyond “Anthony Amendment” adopted in HouseAmendment passed SenateAugust 21, Ratification completedAlice Paul and the Women’s Party introduced Equal Rights AmendmentERA passes CongressERA fails to gain approval of 2/3 vote of states.
17 Beyond ActivitiesGo home and ask an older female relative, “Do you think women are treated equally with men?”Ask her to give an example or tell a story of an time when she was treated unfairlyWhat do you think are women’s roles in society today?