22 May 2004, Estonia Baltic offshore oil exploration watch: NGO co-operation and public participation concerning cross-border environmental problems of.
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22 May 2004, Estonia Baltic offshore oil exploration watch: NGO co-operation and public participation concerning cross-border environmental problems of off-shore oil extraction in the Baltic Sea Lithuanian Green Movement, Lithuania Green Federation Gaja, Poland Baltic Resource Information Center, Kaliningrad, Russia
22 May 2004, Estonia Activities supported by: Regional Environmental Center, Budapest Coalition Clean Baltic CEE Bankwatch Network
22 May 2004, Estonia 4. HUGE CATCHMENT AREA AREA 1,7 million km 2 ; 14 COUNTRIES; POPULATION 80 million; WATER INFLOW 650 km 3 /year (74 000 000 m 3 /h); NITROGEN FLOW 73 000 t/year; PHOSPORUS FLOW 50 000 t/year;
22 May 2004, Estonia 5. STREEMS SURFACE STREEMS; IN DEPTH STREEMS; BOTTOM STREEMS;
22 May 2004, Estonia OIL IN THE BALTIC THERE ARE ~ 40 OIL TERMINALS IN THE BALTIC; THE NUMBER OF OIL TERMINALS GROWING; THE NUMBER OF TANKER MOORS EXCEEDS 14 000 times per year; WAS TRANSPORTED OVER 150 MILLION TONS OF OIL per year; TRANSPORTATION OF OIL GROWING EVERY YEAR; DURING 2000 – 2001 HAPPEN 119 SHIP ACIDENTS (9 OF THEM WITH OIL SPILS); DURING 2000 – 2001 INTO THE BALTIC LEAKED OVER 2756,41 m 3 OF OIL; BIGEST OIL SPILL 2500 m 3 (March 29, 2001 “Baltic Carrier” Kadetrenden, Denmark);
22 May 2004, Estonia HANDLED QUANTITY OF OILS IN HARBOURS IN THE BALTIC SEA AREA 1997 (TOTAL 144 MILLION TONS)
22 May 2004, Estonia Problem description Number of oil companies started development of environmentally, economically and socially controversial projects of offshore oil extraction in the Baltic Sea coastal zone (Kaliningrad region, Poland and Lithuania) without consideration of cross-border environmental impacts and without public involvement in the recent time.
22 May 2004, Estonia OIL EXTRACTION IN THE BALTIC DECOMMISSIONED PLATFORM IN GERMANY; UNDER EXPLOIRATION OIL DEPOSIT IN POLAND; PLANNED TO EXPLOIRE OIL DEPOSIT IN KALININGRAD REGION D-6; PLANNED OIL EXTRACTION IN SWEEDEN CLOSE TO GOTLAND;
Problems on Russian-Lithuanian border Russian biggest oil company LUKOIL plans to start offshore oil extraction near Lithuania’s and Russia's (Kaliningrad region) Curonian Spit National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site. The oil deposit D6 to be exploited, situated 22,5 km from the coast in the Kaliningrad region, 6 km to the Lithuanian-Russian border on the Baltic Sea shelf.
22 May 2004, Estonia OIL DEPOSIT D - 6 22 km FROM SHORE; 5 km FROM LITHUANIAN- RUSSIAN BOARDER; UP STREAM TO LITHUANIA;
22 May 2004, Estonia OIL DEPOSIT D - 6 OIL DEPOSIT D-6 explored in 1983; 1983 DURING THE TESTING BIG OIL SPILL HAPPENED; 1984 ISSUED THE LICENSE FOR EXPLOIRATION; 1986 STOPED DUE TO PUBLIC PROTESTS; 1999 COMPANY “KALININGRADMORNEFT” BOUGHT BY COMPANY “LUKOIL”; 2000 RENEWED PLANS TO EXTRACT THE OIL; 2001 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESMENT PRESENTED; 2002 APROVED SUCCESSION OF THE LICENSE; 2002 STARTED CONSTRUCTION ON SHORE;
Poland Poland have started similar offshore oil exploitation project in another oil deposit B3 during last decade of 20 th century. These projects are marking new development of offshore oil extraction with cross-border impacts on environment in the region.
22 May 2004, Estonia Poland (Petrobaltic company) and Russia (LUKOIL) are pioneering and leading countries in this new development. Lithuania is starting similar activities in the Curonian Lagoon which have border with Kaliningrad region as well.
22 May 2004, Estonia Dangers and problems Environmental, economic and social loses of local people could be considerably higher then potential income from the development of oil industry. Many risks were not taken into account when considering these plans.
22 May 2004, Estonia Lack of public involvement Public was not involved into decision- making about these controversial projects and plans. There are lack of independent information and public awareness about negative aspects concerning offshore oil extraction and influence on sustainable development
22 May 2004, Estonia NGO opinion Environmental NGOs in the Baltic region are warning that there is a high danger of environmental pollution, accidental oil spills and other negative impacts during the exploitation of the D-6 project and potential new offshore oil projects.
22 May 2004, Estonia Goals Promotion of negotiation and initiation of process of moratorium on offshore oil drilling in the Baltic Sea Region coastal zone through public publication.
22 May 2004, Estonia Protection of Curonian Spit National (CSNP) park as UNESCO World Heritage site from controversial and environmentally dangerous D6 project of oil exploration in the Baltic Sea coastal zone.
22 May 2004, Estonia Objectives To protect environmental quality of the Baltic Sea marine environment and coastal zone from negative impact of oil extraction. To keep preconditions for the development of sustainable economy in the Baltic Sea coastal zone.
22 May 2004, Estonia To involve public into decision-making process on issues of oil extraction in the coastal zone of Baltic Sea. To promote international cooperation on environmental, social and economic issues of offshore oil extraction in the region of Baltic Sea.
22 May 2004, Estonia Follow up Work on offshore oil extraction is part of the CCB Work programme 2004 It is part of CCB Action Plan 2005-2006 under priority activitites ”Prevention of installations and transports harmful to the Baltic Sea environment and coastal areas”