Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

“Word Classes and Affixes”

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "“Word Classes and Affixes”"— Presentation transcript:

1 “Word Classes and Affixes”
MORPHOLOGY “Word Classes and Affixes” Deny A. Kwary

2 Main Divisions of Word Classes (Parts of Speech):
Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Content Words Function Words Conjunctions Prepositions Articles Pronouns

3 Exercise: Determine the word class of each of the following words
canine the him elegant inconvenience eloquently comply inasmuch as over Noun Article Pronoun Adjective Adverb Verb Conjunction Preposition

4 Morpheme: The minimal unit of meaning
Free morpheme: a single morpheme that constitutes a word and can stand alone. Bound morpheme: a morpheme that must be attached to another morpheme.

5 Question #2 a, b, i, j, k, l, m Example:
Retroactive = retro + act + ive Free morpheme = act Bound morphemes = retro-, -ive

6 English Affixes (based on the position)
Prefix: An affix that occurs before a morpheme Suffix: An affix that occurs after a morpheme

7 English Prefixes Examples of Negative Prefixes: un- non- dis- a-
Examples of size and degree prefixes: mini- sub- over- super-

8 English Suffixes Class preserving suffixation: -er  lecturer
-ian librarian -ist  scientist -let  piglet Class changing suffixation: Verb  Noun perform performance Adjective  Adverb nice  nicely Adjective  Noun active  activity

9 Affixes (based on the function)
Inflections vs. Derivations

10 Definition Derivational morpheme: deriving (creating) a new word with a new meaning. Inflectional morpheme: changing the form of a word because of the rules of syntax.

11 English Inflectional Morphemes
Nouns –s plural –’s possessive Verbs –s third person singular present –ed past tense –en past participle –ing progressive Adjectives –er comparative –est superlative

12 Some examples of English Derivational Morpheme
-ic : Noun  Adj ; alcohol  alcoholic -ance : Verb  Noun ; clear  clearance -ly : Adj  Adv ; exact  exactly -ity : Adj  Noun ; active  activity -able : Verb  Adj ; read  readable -ship : Noun  Noun ; friend  friendship re : Verb  Verb ; cover  recover in- : Adj  Adj ; definite  indefinite

13 Describe the italic affixes:
impossible terrorized terrorize desks dislike humanity fastest Derivational prefix Inflectional suffix Derivational suffix

14 Describe the italic affixes:
premature untie darken fallen oxen faster lecturer Derivational prefix Derivational suffix Inflectional suffix

15 That’s All For Today See You Next Week Deny A. Kwary

Download ppt "“Word Classes and Affixes”"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google