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The Review Digestive and Endocrine Systems
Final Format: 15 Multiple Choice 1 Identification 2 Short Answer 1 Essay
Digestion: Digestion, Absorption, Transport Carbohydrates: Types of CHO foods Enzymes Hormones
Lipids: Digestion, Absorption, Transport Types of Lipds Enzymes Cholesterol LDL/HDL
Proteins Digestion, Absorption, Transport Protein “lysis” enzymes Fate of Amino Acids (excess amino acids…)
Homeostasis – Hormones Chemical mediators (Ligands) Autocrine, paracrine, endocrine, neurohormones, pheromones Mediate (stimulate) vs. Modulate Target receptors: intracellular and membrane bound
Glucose Homeostasis Brain Food Hormones: Feast: Insulin Fast: Glucagon, Glucocorticoids Glucose Sources: Food, Glycogenolysis, Gluconeogenesis
Diabetes Melitus IDDM: Insulin Dependent DM Type I (Insulin Problem) “Juvenile” NIDDM: Non-Insulin Dependent DM Type II (Insulin Receptor Problem) “Adult”
Exercise and Diabetes Beneficial to both NIDDM: Improves receptor problem IDDM: May increase risk of hypoglycemic reaction
Final: Thursday, Dec. 14 3:30
Ch. 6: Communication, Integration & Homeostasis
Endocrine Module 1b. Pancreas Gland 6 ” long Horizontal Behind stomach Upper left abdominal quadrant Both endocrine & exocrine functions.
H. Tanner, Late 1800’s: “Shepherds and Angels”. The Digestive System Chapter 16:
Henry Tanner: 1900’s – “Angels and Shepherds”. The Endocrine System Chapter 10:
Hormonal control of circulating nutrients Overview: The need for glucose and nutrient homeostasis Interchange of nutrients / fuel stores Insulin:secretion.
Aims of the session: Learn about the control of blood glucose concentration. Be able to answer exam questions. Summarise the key points about this example.
Metabolism FOOD proteins sugars fats amino acids fatty acids simple sugars (glucose) muscle proteins liver glycogen fat lipids glucose.
Homeostatic Control of Metabolism
PANCREATIC HORMONES Dr. Amel Eassawi 1. OBJECTIVES The student should be able to: Know the cell types associated with the endocrine pancreas. Discuss.
Endocrine Physiology PANCREAS Dr. Meg-angela Christi M. Amores.
Hormones and the regulation of blood glucose
Insulin Receptor. Pancreas is the endocrine organ that produces and releases insulin.
Control of Energy The Original Biofuels. Importance of Glucose Regulation Too little – Brain problems Too much –Osmotic water loss (cellular and systemic)
Endocrine System. I. Endocrine system A. Endocrine tissues & organs are found throughout the body some along organs part of other systems others found.
In the name of God The most gracious and the most merciful.
Functional Organization of the Endocrine System
Chapter 17 Anatomy & Physiology Seeley/Stephens/Tate Fifth Edition
Endocrine System Supplementary slides Biol 384N. Stimuli Sense Organs Other Brain Centers Hippocampus Hypothalamus Pituitary Thyroid Gonads Adrenal Cortex.
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