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Public Speaking Organization and Support
Introduction and Overview Structuring the speech Outlining Organizing Supporting material Visual aids
Structuring the Speech Working outline Formal outline Speaking notes
Principles of Outlining Format I. Main point (Roman numeral) A.Subpoint (capital letter) 1. Sub-subpoint (standard number) a. Sub-subsubpoint (lowercase letter) Divide main points and subpoints Never a “I” without a “II”, ect. Parallel wording Main points should be worded in a similar manner
Organizing your points in logical order Time Climax patterns: used to create suspense Space: according to area Topic: types or categories Problem-solution Present the problem, then the solution Cause-effect
Using Transitions Keep the message moving forward Emphasis on flow Similar to writing patterns
Beginning and Ending the Speech The introduction Capture attention Preview main points Set the mood and tone Sell your topic
Beginning and Ending the Speech, cont, The conclusion Review speech Don’t end abruptly Don’t ramble Don’t introduce new points Don’t apologize
Supporting Material Functions To clarify To make interesting To make memorable To prove
Supporting Material, cont. Types of supporting material Definitions Examples Statistics Analogies/ Comparison-contrast Anecdotes Quotation/ Testimony
Narration vs. Citation Narration: telling a story Citation: a statement of facts
Visual Aids Graphic devises used in a speech to illustrate important ideas Types of visual aids Rules for visual aids use Simplicity Size Attractiveness Appropriateness Reliability
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