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The Irish Dilemma
Reasons Ireland might side with Britain’s enemies Anglo-Irish opposed independence
19th-Century Dilemma No way found to govern No way found for self-governance
Political Defeats and Divisions 1801: Pitt the Younger on Act of Union 1829: Wellington on Catholic Emancipation 1845: Peel on Maynooth Question
Political Defeats continued 1846: Peel on Corn Law Repeal 1868: Disraeli on Irish Church disestablishment 1873: Gladstone on Irish Universities Bill 1886: Gladstone on Home Rule Bill
Economic Background Ireland not industrializing Most Irish dependent on agriculture Tenant farmers
Average Income in 1860s England and Wales: 32 pounds/year Scotland: 23 pounds Ireland: 14 pounds
Religious Background 75% of Irish were Roman Catholic Governing class mostly Protestant
Isaac Butt Charles Stewart Parnell
Political Background Viceroy 100 MPs to Westminster No religious restriction after 1829 More Protestants met property qualification
The Mid-Victorian Years Daniel O’Connell
Population Change 1831: 7.8 million 1841: 8.2 million 1851: 6.6 million
Famine’s Effects Starvation and death Emigration Economic prosperity to the survivors
The Late-Victorian Years Home Rule Federation Parnell replaces Butt Irish Nationalist Party Election of 1885 85 of 103 Irish MPs for Home Rule
Arguments against Home Rule Would dissolve British Empire Would reward criminal behavior “Home Rule means Rome Rule” Protestant Irish opposed
Lord Randolph Churchill “Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right.”
Irish Land Act of 1881
UNIONIST OPPOSITION TO HOME RULE Mr. P. Montgomery.
Chapter 11 Section 2 A Century of Reform in Britain
Peel and the Irish Problem
Social and Economic Reform in Britain
Module 2584 : Peel Peel and Ireland Early Career 1812 appointed as Chief Secretary for Ireland Made early attempts at ending discrimination Later.
CONTESTING HISTORY OPPOSING VOICES 9: Two Traditions? Parnell and the Fenians.
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Ireland British Rule.
A Century of Reform Bell work #2 Evelyn a brilliant student will probably get a higher score then I will betty remarked.
Gladstone and the Home Rule. Gladstone, Parnell and Home Rule After the Kilmainham treaty, Parnell was determined to turn the home rule group in the.
Self-Rule for British Colonies
Britain 1860’s- 1880’s. The Second Reform Bill of 1867 Admitted one million more eligible voters, many from the working class. Spearheaded by Benjamin.
Lecture 6: Home Rule. Home Rule The objective of Irish constitutional nationalists for over four decades The term was coined by Revd. Joseph A. Galbraith.
IRELAND: 1870 – GOVERNMENT: 1870 Ireland was ruled directly from London. Irish members of parliament (MPs) sat in parliament in Westminster. The.
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Democratic Reform in Britain
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Kagan Ch Benjamin Disraeli William Gladstone.
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