CONTRAINDICATIONS TO LAPAROSCOPIC NEPHRECTOMY. Dr. Anmar Nassir, FRCS(C) Fellowship in Andrology (U of Ottawa) Fellowship in EndoUrology and Laparoscopy.
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Presentation on theme: "CONTRAINDICATIONS TO LAPAROSCOPIC NEPHRECTOMY. Dr. Anmar Nassir, FRCS(C) Fellowship in Andrology (U of Ottawa) Fellowship in EndoUrology and Laparoscopy."— Presentation transcript:
Dr. Anmar Nassir, FRCS(C) Fellowship in Andrology (U of Ottawa) Fellowship in EndoUrology and Laparoscopy (McMaster Univ) Chairman, Department of Surgery Umm Al-Qura Univ Consultant Urology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Jeddah
Pt w severe COPD – further studies (i.e., ABG and PFT) are required. – In severe COPD, helium is an alternate. Significant cardiac arrhythmias – evaluated – treated hypercarbia and acidosis may have bad effect on the myocardium. Before starting select your patient
Indications for Simple lap nephrectomy Renovascular hypertension, symptomatic acquired renal cystic disease nephrosclerosis, Symptomatic ADPKD reflux or obstructive nephropathy, multicystic dysplastic kidney chronic pain of renal origin refractory to conservative measures, chronic pyelonephritis, Fricke et al, 1998
Postoperative Management The orogastric tube is removed at the conclusion of the procedure. Clear fluids after flatus, then normal after bowel movement. Foley catheter removed once the patient is ambulating. The patient is discharged when tolerating diet. Unrestricted activity resumed according to the patient's comfort. If a specimen has been removed through an incision, lifting is limited to 6 weeks.
Results The postop results comparable to that of open with much less pain and shorter convalescence. – Postoperative pain requirements are 4X < traditional open incisions. – LOS decreased by 50%, – Time to full convalescence has been reported to be markedly less. Mean operative times > 300 minutes. – With advances in techniques, experience, and equipment, operative times have decreased dramatically