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Film Language- Editing Video editing is the process of manipulating and rearranging video shots to create a new work. Editing is usually considered to.

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Presentation on theme: "Film Language- Editing Video editing is the process of manipulating and rearranging video shots to create a new work. Editing is usually considered to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Film Language- Editing Video editing is the process of manipulating and rearranging video shots to create a new work. Editing is usually considered to be one part of the post production process — other post-production tasks include titling, color correction, sound mixing, etc. Many people use the term editing to describe all their post-production work, especially in non-professional situations. Whether or not you choose to be picky about terminology is up to you. In this tutorial we are reasonably liberal with our terminology and we use the word editing to mean any of the following: Rearranging, adding and/or removing sections of video clips and/or audio clips. Applying color correction, filters and other enhancements. Creating transitions between clips.

2 The Goals of Editing There are many reasons to edit a video and your editing approach will depend on the desired outcome. Before you begin you must clearly define your editing goals, which could include any of the following: Remove unwanted footage This is the simplest and most common task in editing. Many videos can be dramatically improved by simply getting rid of the flawed or unwanted bits. Choose the best footage It is common to shoot far more footage than you actually need and choose only the best material for the final edit. Often you will shoot several versions (takes) of a shot and choose the best one when editing. Create a flow Most videos serve a purpose such as telling a story or providing information. Editing is a crucial step in making sure the video flows in a way which achieves this goal. Add effects, graphics, music, etc This is often the "wow" part of editing. You can improve most videos (and have a lot of fun) by adding extra elements. Alter the style, pace or mood of the video A good editor will be able to create subtle mood prompts in a video. Techniques such as mood music and visual effects can influence how the audience will react. Give the video a particular "angle" Video can be tailored to support a particular viewpoint, impart a message or serve an agenda.

3 Film Language- Film Continuity The 6 aspects of Continuity: Position- Make sure positioning in the scene stays the same Clothing- Keep Clothing the same Sound- Music, background, noise, all has to be undercontrol White Balance-removing unrealistic color casts Iris- aperture used to control the amount of light coming through the lens.aperturelens Movement- All movement in scene stays the same

4 Film Continuity 180 degree rule It’s important not to cross the ‘line of vision’ between two characters, unless the viewer actually sees the viewpoint move across the line. Otherwise the viewer may not be able to make sense of the scene. The same rule applies to a moving subject: keep to one side of the direction of motion. 30 degree rule If the camera angle changes by less than 30 degrees (with the same framing) viewers may notice a visible jump cut. Matching eyeline You need to ensure that the direction of characters’ gazes stays the same ­ so if one character is taller than the other, the smaller character should be looking up and the taller looking down.

5 Film Language- Film Continuity Compression of Time -When you compress time in a video, you are making the duration shorter than real time. Time compression is at the heart of video editing and is used in most productions to some extent. It is a critical skill, any good editor must understand how it works. For scenes where the action takes place in a single location over a long period of time, for example, a building construction. Fast motion can also be used with a moving camera, although most editors would tend to use time remapping rather than a single overall change in speed. Expansion of Time - Making the duration of the video sequence longer than real time. The most common is the sports slow motion replay, where an action sequence that took place in real time over a few seconds is slowed down and repeated until it takes half a minute or more. This type of time stretching is used to add impact, additional information, or to help the viewer process information that would be too fast in real time.

6 Film Language- History & Development Continuity Editing -is the predominant style of editing in narrative cinema and television, establishing a logical coherence between shots.editingnarrative Complexity Editing - intensify the action and energy of the footage. Transitions- technique by which scenes or shots are juxtaposed. Most commonly this is through a normal cut to the next scene.shotscut Jump cut - in which two sequential shots of the same subject are taken from camera positions that vary only slightly. Cutaway - interruption of a continuously filmed action by inserting a view of something else. Reverse shot -a shot that reverses the field of view from the previous shot Split edit -Adjusting synchronized audio or video clips so that one starts slightly before or after the other.

7 Film Language- History & Development Sequencing - structuring of a sequence shot in a film Montage - several shots structured together to bring emotional effect Intensification- action shots that makes something stronger or more extreme Vector Line -motion vectors are used to compress video by storing the changes to an image from one frame to the next.frame Depth- foreground, middleground, and background in a composition are generally divided into three planes. The foreground of a composition is the visual plane that appears closest to the viewer, while the background is the plane in a composition perceived furthest from the viewer. The middleground is the visual plane located between both the foreground and background. Depth of Field -The range of sharpness in front of and behind the subject or object focused on

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