Agriculture Future Commodities: Feedstock of Biofuel Production.
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Presentation on theme: "Agriculture Future Commodities: Feedstock of Biofuel Production."— Presentation transcript:
Agriculture Future Commodities: Feedstock of Biofuel Production
ENERGY AND TRANSPORT - WORLD USE OF OIL PER SECTOR 1973 2000 43% 58% +16.5% (IEA 2002)
ENERGY AND TRANSPORT – WORLD SHARE OF ENERGY DEMAND IN TRANSPORT (IEA 2002)
ENERGY AND TRANSPORT – ENERGY USE IN TRANSPORT PER REGION (WBCSD, 2004)
PROJECTIONSOF THE EMISSIONS OF CARBON IN THE WORLD PROJECTIONS OF THE EMISSIONS OF CARBON IN THE WORLD 1998 38 % Countries in development 24% USA 25% Asia and Western Europe 13 % Ex-URSS and Oriental Europe 23 billion tons of C (EPA, 2001) 2020 21% USA 18% Asia and Western Europe 11 % Ex-URSS and Oriental Europe 35 billion tons of C 50% Countries in development
BIOFUELS DEFINITION simply fuels in the form of liquid such as ethanol or biodiesel or gaseous derived from biological (e. g. agricultural) sources Agricultural sources: 1. Cereals, grains, sugar crops and other biomass can fairly easily be fermented to produce ethanol; 2. Oil-seed crops (e. g. palm oil, coconut oil and peanut oil) can be converted into methyl esters - biodiesel; 3. Organic waste material can also be converted into energy forms which can be used as automotive fuel: waste oil (e. g. frying oil) into biodiesel; animal manure and organic household wastes into biogas (e. g. methane); and agricultural and forestry waste products into ethanol.
BIOFUELS LAND CLIMATE LABOR TECHNOLOGY GOVERNMENT SUPPORT ECONOMIC RESOURCES WHAT IS NECESSARY TO PRODUCE BIOFUELS ? INFRASTRUCTURE