University of South Alabama: Biomedical Library Sites Baugh Biomedical Library – Campus Site Primarily supports the academic health sciences (College of Medicine, Colleges of Nursing & Allied Health)
University of South Alabama: Biomedical Library Sites Third floor of the University Medical Center site and now called the Health Information Resource Center Primarily supports the clinical medicine specialties-collection concentrates on patient care and treatment
University of South Alabama: Biomedical Library Sites Children’s and Women’s Hospital site Primarily supports obstetrics, gynecology, and pediatrics – which is reflected by the library’s collection.
Objectives Describe challenges inherent in using biomedical literature. Become familiar with the USA Biomedical Library’s resources and services.
Objectives Acquire, evaluate, utilize, and manage the information contained in the biomedical literature held at the USA Biomedical Library.
Biomedical Literature: the Challenges VOLUME VARIETY VARIOUS POINTS OF ACCESS RELIABILITY
VOLUME Set of journals pertinent to primary care physicians in 2002 found 7,287 articles are published monthly in this set of journals alone. A physician trained in epidemiology would take an estimated 627.5 hours per month to evaluate articles pertinent to his practice. 1
VOLUME Nurses, who need to provide decision makers with relatively concise ‘‘bottom- line’’ estimates of effectiveness, report approximately 1,000 systematic review and meta-analyses studies that focus on topics important to infection control professionals are published annually. 2
VOLUME In biomedical research, the amount of experimental data and published scientiﬁc information is “overwhelming and ever increasing, which may inhibit rather than stimulate scientiﬁc progress.” 3
VARIETY Primary information Secondary information
The Medical Literature Primary – original research Experimental (an intervention is made or variables are manipulated) Randomized Control Trials Controlled trials Observational (no intervention or variables are manipulated) Cohort studies Case-control studies Case reports
Secondary – reviews of original research Meta-analysis Systematic reviews Practice guidelines Reviews Decision analysis Consensus reports Editorial, commentary The Medical Literature
RELIABILITY Information on the Internet about head injury pertaining to intensive care: less quantity and more quality is needed.(2006) PMID: 16749874 Rating health information on the Internet: navigating to knowledge or to Babel? (1998) PMID: 9486757
RELIABILITY Accessibility, nature and quality of health information on the Internet: a survey on osteoarthritis. (2005) PMID: 15572390
What is Evidence Based Practice (EBP) Short definition: “the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values.” 4
Biomedical literature is “overwhelming and ever increasing, which may inhibit rather than stimulate scientiﬁc progress.” Information Management Focuses on using valid information that which is relevant that which is accessible
Do you need… Practice Guideline/Evidence Professional literature (journal articles) Consumer/Patient Info A fact or data set To contact a colleague News item, image, or ???
More than 35 databases, so check scope notes http://biomedicallibrary.southalabama.edu. http://biomedicallibrary.southalabama.edu
Questions ? Assignment Go to Biomedical Library’s web page http://biomedicallibrary.southalabama.edu/library/ Center portal: Library Instruction/Library Courses BMD 201
Bibliography 1 Alper BS,, Hand JA, and Elliott SG. "How much effort is needed to keep up with the literature relevant for primary care?." Journal Medical o the Library Association. 92.4 (2004): 429-437. 2 Bent S, Shojania KG, Saint S. “The use of systematic reviews and meta- analyses in infection control and hospital epidemiology.” Am J Infect Control. 2004 Jun;32(4):246-54. 3 Weeber M, Kors JA, Mons B. Online tools to support literature-based discovery in the life sciences.” Briefings in Bioinformatics. 2005 September; 6 (3): 277. 4 Sackett, DL. Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach EBM. New York: Churchill-Livingston, 2000.