NUR MASRIPATIN Director CENTRE FOR STANDARDIZATION AND ENVIRONMENT Ministry of Forestry INDONESIA WORKSHOP Building REDD-plus Policy Capacity for Developing.
Published byModified over 4 years ago
Presentation on theme: "NUR MASRIPATIN Director CENTRE FOR STANDARDIZATION AND ENVIRONMENT Ministry of Forestry INDONESIA WORKSHOP Building REDD-plus Policy Capacity for Developing."— Presentation transcript:
NUR MASRIPATIN Director CENTRE FOR STANDARDIZATION AND ENVIRONMENT Ministry of Forestry INDONESIA WORKSHOP Building REDD-plus Policy Capacity for Developing Country Negotiators and Land Managers Hanoi, Vietnam, 18-20 May 2011 LINKING REDD+ AND NAMAs
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND (international context) A. REDD+ from Montreal to Cancun : COP-13 (Dec.1/CP. 13 “Bali Action Plan: Policy approaches and positive incentives for REDD+ /Paragraph 1 (b) (iii)”; Dec.2/CP.13 “RED in developing countries: Approach to stimulate actions”) COP-15 (Dec. 4/CP.15 “Methodological guidance for REDD+ in developing countries”) COP-16 (Dec.1/CP.16 “Cancun agreements: Outcomes of AWG- LCA work ” Policy approaches and positive incentives for REDD+ in developing countries) B. NAMAs : from Bali to Cancun : Dec.1/CP. 13 “Bali Action Plan (NAMAs/Paragraph 1 (b) (ii)” Dec.1/CP.16 “Cancun agreements : outcomes of AWG-LCA work ” C. REDD+ negotiation almost all developing countries did not agree to include REDD+ under NAMAs. STANDARDIZATION, ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND (national context) A. NAMAs : Indonesia Voluntary Mitigation Action B. Translating REDD+ activities into national strategy next slide STANDARDIZATION, ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE Nationally Appropriate Mitigation ActionsEmission Reduction 1. Sustainable peatland management, 2. Reduction in rate of deforestation and land degradation, 3. Development of sequestration projects in forestry and agriculture, 4. Promotion of energy efficiency,26 % by 2020 5. Development of alternative and renewable energy sources, 6. Reduction in solid and liquid waste, 7. Shifting to low-emission transportation mode.
Translating Scope of REDD+ in The National Strategy REDD + Indonesia Conservation (avoiding Emissions/ C stocks Conservation) Reducing Emissions from Forest Degradation (SFM practice) Reducing Emissions from DEFORESTATION (Forest conversion) Sustainable Management of Forest Enhancement of Carbon Stocks (Reforestation, Ecosystem Restoration) NET SINK/ Balance Scope of REDD+ according to Bali Action Plan Increase removals Reduce emissions
LINK BETWEEN REDD+ AND NAMAs ( from legal basis and progress in implementation) 1. Both NAMAs and REDD+ are under “Enhanced national/international action on CC mitigation” in BAP (Dec. 1/CP.13), 2. Cancun agreement (Dec. 1/CP.16 Appendix II.c): modalities for MRV of REDD+ activities should be consistent with guidance for MRV of NAMAs and consider Dec. 4/CP.15 target for consideration by COP-17. 3. Challenge to link REDD+ and NAMAs: many ambiguities in COP-decision relating to NAMAs a lot of progress has been made in REDD+ both in the negotiation process and implementation STANDARDIZATION, ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE
LINK BETWEEN REDD+ AND NAMAs (activities: Indonesia case) STANDARDIZATION, ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE Reducing Emissions from Deforestation (Red Forest conversion) Reducing Emissions From Forest Degradation (SFM practice) Conservation (Avoiding Emissions/ C stocks Conservation) Enhancement of Carbon Stocks (Ecosystem Restoration) Forest Land RR deforestation Land rehabilitation, Afforestation, Reforestation, Replanting Reducing rate of deforestation and land degradation Carbon sequestration Project (For & Agr) RR Land Degradation Sustainable peatland management Non-Forest Land REDD+ activities NAMAs in Forestry and Agriculture Part of activities are related
Possible causes of controversy in REDD+ and NAMAs discussions: 1. At the international level : Negotiation process: two groups of views on whether REDD+ be part or not part of NAMAs Other international processes (outside negotiation processes) tends to prefer REDD+ be part of NAMAs 2. At the national level: Diversity in awareness of the issues and views on how to best translate the international instruments into the national context 3. From points (1) and (2) have we been asking a wrong question? (whether REDD+ is part/not part of NAMAs ? Or how to best link REDD+ and NAMAs?). STANDARDIZATION, ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE
INDONESIA CASE Activities relating to REDD+ and NAMAs are ongoing (1) translating COP-decisions into implementation, including efforts in bringing the issues into the mainstream of development planning (national and sectoral planning; national-provincial-district level planning), (2) awareness raising and increasing capacity relating to REDD+ and NAMAs and other relevant issues, Indonesia is yet to develop her plan to implement the national policy on development and CC mitigation: achieving 7 % economic growth and 26 % emission reduction by 2020 (called 726 Formula), Critical issue for Indonesia relating to REDD+ and NAMAs is how to ensure coherence between policy, actions, and MRV of REDD+ and NAMAs. STANDARDIZATION, ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE
CLOSING REMARKS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Both REDD+ and NAMAs are aimed at achieving CC mitigation goals, Efforts should be directed to identify relevant issues from REDD+ and NAMAs, and work to address the issues, Follow up COP-16 guidance on REDD+ relating to NAMAs (consistency between MRV for REDD+ and MRV for NAMAs), including what best could be done within uncertainty (including progress in REDD+ and NAMAs negotiations that is not at the same stage). STANDARDIZATION, ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE