5 Subject pronouns+Simple Present of to be contractionsPronoun +to beI’m a studentI am a studentYou’re a studentYou are a studentHe’s AliHe is AliShe’s AishaShe is AishaIt’s a bookIt is a bookWe’re studentsWe are studentsYou’re friendsYou are friendsThey’re girls (boys)They are girls (boys)
6 Negative of to be Subject + to be (not) I am not a teacher. or I’m not a teacher.You are not a boy. or You’re not a boy.He/She/It is not or He/She/It’s not 21.We/You/They are not teachers. or You’re not teachers.
7 To be + adjective Descriptive adjectives Nationality adjectives A lemon is yellow (subject + to be + adjective)They are happyNationality adjectivesSaudi Arabia Saudi Arabian (saudi)Singular good womanPlural good women
8 Possessive adjectives Pronouns possessive adjectivesI my bookYou your houseHe his nameShe her dressIt its ballWe our booksYou your housesThey their names
9 Demonstrative adjectives Singular: this Plural: theseFor people and things near to usSingular: that Plural: thoseFor people and things that are not near
10 Questions with what, where, and who Wh-word to be subject?What is your name?What are these?Where is Ahmad?Where are you from?Who is he?Who are they?Example:What is this? This is a pen.What’s your name? My name is Laila.Where’s Ahmad? Ahmad is in school.What’re these? These are books.
19 Prepositions of placeOn is also used to say on which floor someone is:She lives on the second floorAt is used to talk about something or someone which is somewhere, without being very precise:He is at school