2 The Goal of Psychology : Empirical study of human behavior and cognition. To describe…..To understand ….To predict….To control ….
3 Where and What…. Philosophy Physiology + new ideas Psychology How the mind worksHow the body worksHow the mind and body influence : feelings, thoughts, and actions.
4 Early “isms” of Psychology StructuralismWilhelm WundtStructure of consciousness [mind]IntrospectionFunctionalismWilliam JamesHow consciousness helped us to evolveInfluenced by Darwinismp. 9
5 Early “isms” of Psychology BehaviorismJohn Watson & B.F. SkinnerFocus only on what is observableNarrowed and Extended the fieldOther InfluencesFreud and the unconsciousHumanistic PsychologistCognitive Revolution and technologyp. 9
6 Psychology Today Who are Psychologists? What are Psychologist? CliniciansCounselorsInstructorsConsultants/CoachesLegal/Medical fieldsSchools/MeasurementWhat are Psychologist?First and foremost, psychologists are investigators.Role as problem solver whether it be disorders or explain human interaction.
7 Grand Issues of Psychology Stability vs. ChangeNature vs. NurtureRational vs. Irrational
8 Major Perspectives of Psychology DescriptionBehavioralOvert behavior and learned responses.CognitiveInternal structures of the mind, thoughts, and beliefs.BiologicalBiological events behind behavior.EvolutionaryInfluence of evolved psychological mechanisms, how they advantageous.DevelopmentalChange in behavior and cognitive processes over the life-spanPsychodynamicThe role of the unconscious and internal statesSocial &CulturalThe dual influence of the society and culture on our perspectives and behavior.p. 12
9 Different Perspective…. Different Questions…. DepressionSmokingWeight ControlLow Productivity