Outlines on Language Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D.. Chomsky Chomsky focused on the nature of human language. When do children begin to understand their.
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Presentation on theme: "Outlines on Language Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D.. Chomsky Chomsky focused on the nature of human language. When do children begin to understand their."— Presentation transcript:
Chomsky Chomsky focused on the nature of human language. When do children begin to understand their first words? Simple sentences? Adding elements of grammar?
How do children acquire language? Theories of language acquisition B. F. Skinner Problems with the behavioral theories Rules of language
Common Language Mistakes We goed to the movies. The doggy bited me.
The fact is…. There is mounting evidence that children produce sentences they’ve never heard before and continue producing them in the absence of reinforcers.
Chomsky Language isn’t learned from the environment. Might language be hardwired? In our DNA? The role of Universal language. A Seed language that gets inherited through the genes. This seed language leads to past, present, and future languages of the world.
Communication Underlying level = deep structure Rooted at the level of the seed language Has some unknown form Expressed level = surface structure Form we actually produce when we put ideas into words
Communication How do we convert the deep structure into the surface structure whenever we speak? How do we convert the surface structure into the deep structure whenever we listen? Chomsky thought: there must be some set of rules we follow & those rules must unconsciously allow the conversion.
Chomsky Chomsky theorized: children learn the rules of their language for converting deep structures to surface structures. How do children do this? The Language Acquisition Device (LAD) Biological organ Detects linguistic features or principles of language
Arguments against Chomsky Children do learn language by rewards and punishments Parents’ style of interacting Language not uniquely human Where is this language acquisition devise?