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SAPPO pig production course

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Presentation on theme: "SAPPO pig production course"— Presentation transcript:

1 SAPPO pig production course
Biosecurity Why is it important ? What are we afraid of ? What can we do about it ? What will it cost ? Where can we get help ?

2 Biosecurity Why is it important?
South Africa is an active part of the global village with its rapid communications and increasing volumes of imports and exports; Genetic improvement goes with imported semen and live pigs, both of which can carry diseases; Emerging and small herds are not protected from getting infections and passing them on; Every part of pig production is concerned – breeding, housing, feeding, health and marketing.

3 Biosecurity The threats:
Destructive diseases eg African swine fever, hog cholera, blue ear disease, foot and mouth, exotic viruses; Common economic diseases eg E coli enteritis, respiratory conditions, mange, reproductive failure, worms; Stock theft

4 Biosecurity Destructive diseases ASF: total loss FMD: vesicles

5 Biosecurity Economic diseases Parvovirus mummies
Ascaris worms in intestine

6 Biosecurity Where do destructive diseases come from ? Sources:
1. Bought-in pigs from auctions, speculators; 2. People: neighbours, family, friends, reps. officials, vets; 3. Swill, especially if it includes animal tissues; 4. Vehicles from millers, butchers, dealers; 5. Containers, especially second-hand feed sacks; 6. Birds, dogs, rodents; 7. Water, dust, wind

7 Biosecurity What can we do? Rules to keep infections out of your herd:
1. Fence the property in a way that keeps your pigs in and other pigs, dogs and people out; secure the gate with chain and padlock; 2. Put notices on fences and gates; be strict; 3. Keep pigs in pens or small camps away from the fence; 2nd hand materials are OK The message is clear

8 Biosecurity Rules continued:
4. Comfortable, usable pens don’t have to be expensive; 5. Simple, non- wasting food or water holder helps costs and hygiene

9 Biosecurity Rules continued; feeding:-
6. Give pigs the best quality feed you can afford; 7. NEVER feed any food of animal origin; 8. NEVER feed anything from a harbour or airport; 9. Cook all raw putrescible material for 30 minutes 10. Use nutritious dry food such as old bakery items, dated dog, horse or other cubes; 11. Bulky, energy-rich vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, butternut ) Boiling raw “swill” is a must Balanced rations are best

10 Biosecurity Rules continued, water:-
12. All pigs need water, lactating sows need large amounts – up to 30 litres per day with a big litter; 13. Water quality is important – it can act as a transmitter of infections A clever water system Water supplies can be a big problem

11 Biosecurity Rules continued, pigs and veterinary help:
14. Separate new pigs from the herd for four weeks while they are tested and treated; 15. Ask for veterinary advice regarding routine treatments and preventive measures for quarantine pigs, and the herd in general; 16. Make regular use of vaccines, share the costs with other owners ; 17. Always consult the area State Veterinary Dept to find out about prevailing regulations re movement, marketing, disease control measures – they are there to protect you; 18. Help is available from the Dept of Agriculture, the Vet Dept, SAPPO and pharmaceutical companies

12 Biosecurity Good luck with a successful and minimal disease project!!
Any questions?

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