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Lecture Overview Theories & Concepts of Motivation Theories & Concepts of Motivation Motivation & the brain Theories & Concepts of Emotion Theories & Concepts of Emotion ©John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010
Theories & Concepts of Motivation: Important Definitions Motivation: set of factors that activate, direct, & maintain behavior, usually toward some goal Emotion: subjective feeling including arousal, cognitions, & expressions ©John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010
Theories & Concepts of Emotion Three Components of Emotions 1.Physiological-- arousal comes from brain (particularly the limbic system) & autonomic nervous system (ANS) ©John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010
Theories & Concepts of Emotion Research Highlight Mirror Neurons: brain cells that fire both when performing specific actions and when observing specific actions or emotions of another; this “mirroring” may explain empathy, imitation, language, etc. ©John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010
Physiological Component & the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) ©John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010
Theories & Concepts of Emotion Three Components of Emotion (Continued) 2.Cognitive--thoughts, values, & expectations 3.Behavioral--expressions, gestures, & body positions ©John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010
Can you identify the social smile vs. the genuine, “Duchenne” smile? Real smiles involve muscles around both the eyes & cheeks. (Duchenne was a 19 th C. neurologist who studied emotions & muscles.) ©John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010
Theories & Concepts of Emotion-- Four Theories of Emotion James-Lange: subjective experience of emotion follows bodily arousal Cannon-Bard: arousal & emotion occur simultaneously Facial-Feedback: facial movements elicit arousal & specific emotions Schachter’s Two-Factor: arousal & label (or interpretation) produce emotion ©John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010
Culture, Evolution, & Emotion Cultural similarities & differences: 7 to 10 culturally universal emotions, but each culture has its own display rules governing how, when, & where to express emotions Role of evolution: strong biological, evolutionary basis for emotional expression & decoding ©John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010
Facing our Fears ©John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010
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Monday, December 2nd Welcome Back! 2 weeks until Finals Going over emotion and stress these next two weeks Starting emotion today.
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EMOTION. Responses that involve: psychological arousal Expressive behaviors Conscious experience Example: Did you make the team? Posting of.
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February 6 1 EQ- How do we experience emotion? Agenda: 1.Daily Sheet 2.Review Motivation Quiz 3.Emotions Introduction 4.Basketball game? Table of Contents:
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