 # Solution Concentration

## Presentation on theme: "Solution Concentration"— Presentation transcript:

Announcements EXAM #1 ANSWER KEY POSTED OWL: CHAPTER 4 PART 1 HOMEWORK

Solution Concentration
Solute Solvent Concentration Qualitative Dilute Concentrated Quantitative Molarity=# moles of solute per 1L of solution

What do goldfish have to do with concentration?

Solution Concentration Examples
How many moles of NH3 are in 575mL of 0.12mol/L solution? A 0.56M solution of NH3 contains 22 mol NH3. How many Liters of solution are there? What you “have” Conversion factor

What volume of a 0.23M solution of K2SO4 contains 0.50 moles?
0.115mL 2.174L 2.174mL

How would you make 250mL of 1.00M NH3 from 15M NH3?
Take 16.7mL of 15M NH3 and dilute it to 250mL with water Take 60mL of 15M NH3 and dilute it to 250mL with water Take mL of 15M NH3 and dilute it to 250mL with water Take 3.75mL of 15M NH3 and dilute it to 250mL with water 30

Stoichiometry in Solution
Grams or mL reactant A Grams or mL reactant B Moles reactant B Moles reactant A Molar mass or Solution concentration Molar mass or Solution concentration Balanced equation and Stoichiometry

Titration Example- Part 1
GOAL: To determine the molar mass of an unknown acid (H2A) H2A + 2NaOH  Na2A + 2H2O Standardizing an NaOH solution using a “primary standard” A solution of sodium hydroxide is “standardized” by titration using solid oxalic acid, H2C2O4, as the acid. It is found that 24.5 mL of the NaOH solution is needed to react completely with 2.05 g of oxalic acid. What is the concentration of the NaOH solution? H2C2O4(aq) + 2 NaOH  2 H2O(l) + Na2C2O4(aq)

Titration Example- Part 2
Determining the molar mass of an unknown diprotic acid The NaOH solution above was used to titrate an acid of unknown formula, but known to be diprotic: H2A, where we don’t know what “A” is. A gram sample of the unknown acid is titrated using 31.4 mL of the NaOH solution. What is the molar mass of H2A? H2A(aq) + 2 NaOH  2 H2O(l) + Na2A(aq)