“ APA ” FORMAT STYLE Layla Al-Rajah. Introduction APA (American Psychological Association). Format and Documentation of a Research Study Most commonly.
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General Format of APA STYLE Double-Spaced the lines. Standard paper 8.5 * 11 inches (A4). One inch margin from all sides. Use 10-12 pt. Times New Roman font or a similar font. Only black toner.
General Format of APA STYLE Pages should be numbered beginning with the title page in the header upper right corner. Reference list should begin in a separate page at the end, under the label ( References ), No quotation marks or underlining etc. Appendixes and Notes should be formatted as references.
General Format Your essay should include four major sections: References Main Body Abstract Title page
Handling Quotation in Text Using APA Format follow: Author, Date method in Citation. (Author’s last name, Year of publication) In Paraphrasing an idea from other work, make a reference to the author, year of publication and page’s number (although it is not required).
Handling Quotation in Text In Direct quoting from a work, you need to include author, year of publication and page’s number. If there is no author to the cite, such as web page without an author, use abbreviation version to the title page in quoting marks. (“Using APA”, 2001)
Handling Quotation in Text If you are citing to a work that has no author nor date, then use the first few words from the title then the abbreviation (n.d.) form (no date). Personal communications, emails and pricate interviews should be referenced in your text but NOT in references’ list. To cite it: provide initials and last name of the communicator, the words “personal communication” and the exact date.
General Formatting citation in the text Capitalize proper nouns, author’s name. If you refer to title of source : Capitalize all words that are four letters or greater. Capitalize both hyphenated compound words Capitalize the first word after colon or dash. Italicize the title of longer works, as books. Put quotation marks around the title of shorter works, as journals.
General Formatting citation in the text If a work has two authors, cite both names. If a work has three, four or five authors, cite them all in the first time, then the next time just cite the first author plus (et al.) If a work has six or above authors, cite the last name of the first author plus (et al.)
Short Quotations To indicate quotation of fewer than 40 words, enclose it with double quotation marks “ ”. Provide the author, year and page. Provide complete reference in references’ list.
Long quotations Quotation longer than 40 words, should be in free-standing block with NO quotation’s marks. Start in new line. Leave 5 spaces from the left margin and write the entire quotation in the new margin.
H.W What's wrong with the following documentation ? 1.When citing a work with two authors we write Maintained that…. (Smith et al., 2006) 2.Write the “References” on the same “Main Body” page.